17% of junior high school students addicted to Internet games 百分之十七國中生玩線上遊戲成癮

Tue, Jul 30, 2013 - Page 11

What do junior high school students want to do in the summer more than anything else? A recent survey conducted by Asia University regarding the prevalence of junior high school students addicted to the Internet and playing online video games found that 17.3 percent of junior high school students were addicted to playing video games. Wang Ming-yu, a doctor in the Department of Psychiatry at China Medical University Hospital, suggests that parents spend more time with their children outdoors, engaged in recreational activities instead of letting smartphones serve as their children’s nanny.

The results of the national survey conducted by Asia University and National Cheng Kung University, funded by the National Science Council, showed that the prevalence rate of junior high school students last year suffering from Internet addiction disorder was 13.5 percent, while 17.3 percent suffered from video game addiction. The most popular game among students these days is League of Legends, which students are playing more than seven hours a day on weekends and three hours a day on weekdays.

Academics offered the example of one boy going by the alias Han-dian, who started going to Internet cafes to play video games after a classmate had suggested doing so. He would often wake up in the middle of the night to practice, which caused him to oversleep and be late for class. Han-dian was failing all of his exams and had therefore become totally engrossed in playing video games as a source of relaxation. In a single week, he would spend more than 40 hours playing video games, creating a vicious cycle in his life and studies.

Asia University vice president Ko Huei-chen guides students on how to be smart about how they use the Internet and avoid becoming homebodies, teaching them certain tricks for finding out what seduces them into staying on the Internet and how to say no. There are four feelings that a person must learn to cultivate, she says, including feeling accepted, feeling happiness, having a sense of achievement and feeling significant. It also important to learn how to manage desires and reduce stress, and understand how to manage your time and resolve problems, Ko says. When comparing the treatment group and the control group in the experiment, Ko says that students who have been taught how to do these things are four times less likely to become addicted to the Internet, while students without any guidance whatsoever are three times as likely to suffer from Internet addiction.

Ko says that elementary school students should not be allowed to use electronic products for more than an hour during weekdays and no more than two hours at the weekend, adding that they should get up to move around at least every 30 minutes and should never go out alone with friends they meet on the Internet. Junior high school students, on the other hand, should not use electronic products more than two hours during the week and four hours on weekends, she says. Wang suggests that preschool children should never use electronic products for more than 20 minutes a day, adding that it is best if they do not use such products at all.

(Liberty Times, Translated by Kyle Jeffcoat)

國中生暑假最想做甚麼?亞洲大學調查國中生網路與遊戲成癮盛行率,發現電玩遊戲成癮盛行率為百分之十七點三。中國醫藥大學附設醫院兒童精神科醫師王明鈺建議家長,與孩子多培養戶外休閒,取代「手機保母」。

亞洲大學與成功大學共同在國科會經費支持下,進行全國性調查,結果顯示國中生去年網路成癮盛行率為百分之十三點五,電玩遊戲成癮盛行率為百分之十七點三;其中最多人玩的是近來超夯的「英雄聯盟」,假日一玩超過七小時,平日將近三小時。

學者舉例,有一國中生漢典(化名),在同學提議下進入網咖打電玩,常常半夜爬起來玩遊戲練功,以致睡過頭而上課遲到,考試常常不及格,更因此沉溺電玩紓壓,後來一個禮拜花在遊戲的時間甚至超過四十個小時,形成生活與學業的惡性循環。

亞洲大學副校長柯慧貞教導「聰明上網我不宅」招數,要學會找出誘惑情境,學會說不;找到人生歸屬感、愉快感、成就感、意義感等「四感」,學習管理慾望與減壓,並要懂得如何管理時間與解決問題。經過實驗組與對照組比較,有教導招數的學生,網路成癮率下降四倍,沒有被教導的學生,成癮率則增加三倍多。

柯慧貞建議小學生平日使用電子產品的時間不超過一小時,假日不超過兩小時,每使用三十分鐘就要站起來活動十分鐘,而且不宜單獨和網路上認識的朋友出去。國中生平日則不要超過兩小時,假日不超過四小時。醫師王明鈺建議,學齡前兒童以不超過二十分鐘為限,最好盡可能不要使用。

(自由時報記者湯佳玲)