Despite weak economy, CO2 emissions grow 2.6 percent last year 儘管經濟疲弱 去年CO2排放將成長百分之二點六

Wed, Jan 02, 2013 - Page 10

Carbon dioxide emissions from industry rose an estimated 2.6 percent in a weak global economy this year a study showed, powered by rapid emissions growth in China and India.

The study by the Global Carbon Project also says emissions grew 3.1 percent in 2011, placing the world on a near-certain path towards dangerous climate change, such as more heat waves, droughts and storms.

Total emissions for 2012 are estimated to be 35.6 billion tonnes, researchers said in the study, published in the journal Nature Climate Change.

Current emissions growth is placing the world on a path to warm between 4oC and 6oC, says the study, with global emissions jumping 58 percent between 1990 and this year. The study focuses on emissions from burning fossil fuels and cement production.

A few big developing nations are fueling the emissions growth, the study says, even though the global financial crisis spawned long-term green stimulus plans by China, India, the US and others to attempt to curtail CO2 output.

China’s carbon emissions grew 9.9 percent in 2011 after rising 10.4 percent in 2010 and now comprise 28 percent of all CO2 pollution compared with 16 percent for the US.

(Reuters)

一份研究顯示,來自工業的二氧化碳排放量在今年全球疲弱的經濟中仍預估上升達百分之二點六,該趨勢由中國與印度快速的排放成長所驅動。

這份由「全球碳計畫」進行的研究也指出,二○一一年碳排放成長百分之三點一,使世界幾乎篤定邁向諸如更多熱浪、乾旱與暴風的氣候變遷危險之途。

二○一二年預估總排放將達三百五十六億公噸,研究人員在這份刊登於《自然氣候變遷》期刊的研究中指出。

當前的排放成長正將世界置於通往暖化攝氏四度至六度的軌道上,該研究說;而全球碳排放在一九九○年至今年間飆升百分之五十八。這份研究聚焦於來自燃燒化石燃料與水泥生產的碳排放。

該研究指出,縱使全球金融危機致使中國、印度、美國與其他試圖縮減CO2產生等國家推動長期的綠色刺激計畫,但一些開發中大國仍助長排放成長。

中國的碳排放在二○一○年上升百分之十點四後,二○一一年成長百分之九點九,如今構成整體CO2污染的百分之二十八,相較於美國為百分之十六。

(路透/翻譯:魏國金)