Tue, Sep 17, 2019 - Page 14 News List

Japan environment minister: scrap nuclear reactors
日本新任環境大臣:日本應摒棄核電

Storage tanks for radioactive water are seen at Tokyo Electric Power Co’s (TEPCO) tsunami-crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in Okuma town, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan on Feb. 18.日本東京電力公司位於福島縣大熊町、因海嘯停擺的福島第一核電廠中,儲存輻射水的貯水槽。攝於二月十八日。

Photo: Reuters
照片:路透

Japan’s environment minister Shinjiro Koizumi has called for the country’s nuclear reactors to be scrapped to prevent a repeat of the Fukushima nuclear disaster.

Koizumi’s comments, made on Sept. 11, hours after he became Japan’s third-youngest cabinet minister since the war, could set him on a collision course with Japan’s pro-nuclear prime minister, Shinzo Abe.

“I would like to study how we will scrap them, not how to retain them,” Koizumi, 38, said. “We will be doomed if we allow another nuclear accident to occur. We never know when we’ll have an earthquake.”

Koizumi faced an immediate challenge from the new trade and industry minister, Isshu Sugawara, who said that ridding Japan of nuclear power was “unrealistic.”

“There are risks and fears about nuclear power,” Sugawara told reporters. “But ‘zero-nukes’ is, at the moment and in the future, not realistic.”

Japan’s government wants nuclear power to comprise 20 percent to 22 percent of the overall energy mix by 2030, drawing criticism from campaigners who say nuclear plants will always pose a danger given the country’s vulnerability to large earthquakes and tsunamis.

Abe, however, has called for reactors to be restarted, arguing that nuclear energy will help Japan achieve its carbon dioxide emissions targets and reduce its dependence on imported gas and oil.

All of Japan’s 54 reactors were shut down after a giant tsunami caused a triple meltdown at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in March 2011.

Nuclear power accounted for about 30 percent of Japan’s energy production before the disaster. Today, just nine reactors are back in operation, having passed stringent safety checks introduced after the Fukushima meltdown.

TODAY’S WORDS
今日單字

1. nuclear reactor phr.

核反應爐

(he2 fan3 ying4 lu2)

2. scrap v.

廢棄;拆毀

(fei4 qi4; chai1 hui3)

3. nuke n.

核能發電廠;核子武器

(he2 neng2 fa1 dian4 chang3; he2 zi2 wu3 qi4)

4. tsunami n.

海嘯

(hai3 xiao4)

5. meltdown n.

核電廠反應爐心熔毀

(he2 dian4 chang3 fan3 ying4 lu2 xin1 rong2 hui3)

6. radioactive contaminated phr.

受輻射汙染的

(shou4 fu2 she4 wu1 ran3 de5)


But the government is unlikely to meet its target of 30 reactor restarts by 2030 amid strong local opposition and legal challenges.

Although he faces potential opposition from inside the cabinet, Koizumi should at least receive the backing of his father, Junichiro Koizumi, a former prime minister who has emerged as a vocal opponent of nuclear power.

While Japan debates the future of nuclear energy, the younger Koizumi, who has been tipped as a future prime minister, is now at the center of a controversy over the future of more than a million metric tonnes of radioactive contaminated water stored at Fukushima Daiichi.

On September10, the previous environment minister, Yoshiaki Harada, said the plant’s operator, Tokyo Electric Power, had no choice but to dilute the water and release it into the Pacific Ocean rather than store it indefinitely.

The prospect of dumping the water into the sea has angered local fishermen and drawn protests from neighboring South Korea.

(The Guardian)

日本新任環境大臣小泉進次郎呼籲日本將核反應爐報廢,以防止福島核災重演。

小泉進次郎為日本戰後第三年輕的內閣大臣,九月十一日甫上任數小時後即做出如上表示,小泉此番言論可能使他與擁核的首相安倍晉三發生衝突。

「我想研究如何停用核反應爐,而不是如何保留它」,三十八歲的小泉說。「如果我們讓核事故再度發生,我們就註定會滅亡。我們永遠不知道什麼時候會發生地震。」

小泉面臨新任經濟產業大臣菅原一秀的直接挑戰──菅原說,若要日本擺脫核電,是「不切實際的」。

「核電有其風險和可怕之處」,菅原一秀告訴記者。「但是『零核電』在現今和未來都是不切實際的」。

日本政府計畫,到二○三○年,核電將佔整體能源結構的百分之二十至二十二。這受到活動人士的批評,說日本易發生大地震和海嘯,核電廠永遠會構成危險。

然而,安倍呼籲重新啟動反應爐,認為核能將有助日本達成二氧化碳排放目標,並減少對進口天然氣和石油的依賴。

二○一一年三月的一場大海嘯,造成福島第一核電廠一至三號機的反應爐心皆熔毀,日本隨即將國內五十四座反應爐全部關閉。

福島核災發生之前,核電約佔日本能源產量的百分之三十。現今只有九座反應爐通過福島核災後制定的嚴格安全檢查而重啟。

但由於當地強烈的反對和法律的挑戰,日本政府不太可能在二○三○年前實現重啟三十個反應爐的目標。

雖然小泉進次郎可能會面臨來自內閣的反對,但他起碼會得到其父小泉純一郎的支持;小泉純一郎曾任日本首相,現已是大力反對核電的要角。

日本正爭辯核能該何去何從,但對於福島第一核電廠所儲存的一百多萬噸受輻射污染的水該何去何從,此刻卻讓未來首相熱門人選小泉進次郎身處爭議的中心。

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