Tue, Sep 03, 2019 - Page 14 News List

Indonesia to move capital from Jakarta to Borneo
雅加達不斷下陷 印尼遷都婆羅洲

The Indonesian government plans to relocate its capital from Jakarta on Java Island to East Kalimantan in Borneo.
印尼計劃將其首都由位於爪哇島上的雅加達,搬遷至婆羅洲的東加里曼丹省。

Photo: Taipei Times
照片:台北時報美編組

Indonesia’s president says the country’s capital will move from overcrowded, sinking and polluted Jakarta to a site in sparsely populated East Kalimantan province on Borneo island, known for rainforests and orangutans.

President Joko Widodo said on Aug. 26 intense studies over the past three years had resulted in the choice of the location on the eastern side of Borneo island. The new capital city, which has not yet been named, will be in the middle of the vast archipelago nation and already has relatively complete infrastructure because it is near the cities of Balikpapan and Samarinda, Widodo said.

He said the burden has been become too heavy on Jakarta on Java island as the center of government, finance, business, trade and services as well as the location of the country’s largest airport and seaport.

Widodo said the decision was made not to move the capital elsewhere on Java because the country’s wealth and people are highly concentrated there and should be spread out.

Currently 54 percent of the country’s 270 million people live on Java, Indonesia’s most densely populated area.

“We couldn’t continue to allow the burden on Jakarta and Java island to increase in terms of population density,” Widodo said at a news conference in the presidential palace. “Economic disparities between Java and elsewhere would also increase.” In an interview last month, Widodo said he wants to separate the center of government from the country’s business and economic center in Jakarta.

Jakarta is an archetypical Asian mega-city with 10 million people, or 30 million including those in its greater metropolitan area. It is prone to earthquakes and flooding and is rapidly sinking due to uncontrolled extraction of ground water. The ground water and rivers are highly contaminated. Congestion is estimated to cost the economy US$6.5 billion a year.

TODAY’S WORDS
今日單字

1. capital n.

首都 (shou3 du1)

2. overcrowded adj.

過度擁擠的

(guo4 du4 yong2 ji3 de5)

3. sparsely populated phr.

人煙稀少的

(ren2 yan1 xi1 shao3 de5)

4. rainforest n.

雨林 (yu3 lin2)

5. archipelago nation phr.

群島國家

(qun2 dao3 guo2 jia1)

6. infrastructure n.

基礎建設

(ji1 chu3 jian4 she4)

7. relocation n.

搬遷 (ban1 qian1)

8. disaster n.

災害 (zai1 hai4)


Mineral-rich East Kalimantan was once almost completely covered by rainforests, but illegal logging has removed many of its original growth. It is home to only 3.5 million people and is surrounded by Kutai National Park, known for orangutans and other primates and mammals.

Widodo said the relocation of the capital to a 180,000-hectare site will take up a decade and cost as much as 466 trillion rupiah (US$32.5 billion), of which 19 percent will come from the state budget and the rest funded by cooperation between the government and business entities and by direct investment by state-run companies and the private sector.

He said the studies determined that the best site is between two districts, North Penajam Paser and Kutai Kertanegara, an area that has minimal risk of disasters such as floods, earthquakes, tsunamis, forest fires, volcanic eruptions or landslides in the seismically active nation.

Indonesia’s founding father and first president, Sukarno, once planned to relocate the capital to Palangkaraya in Central Kalimantan province.

Infrastructure improvement has been Widodo’s signature policy and helped him win a second term in April elections.

(AP)

印尼總統表示,將把首都從雅加達這過度擁擠、地層不斷下陷和受污染的城市,遷移到婆羅洲島上人口稀少的東加里曼丹省。婆羅洲以熱帶雨林和紅毛猩猩聞名。

印尼總統佐科威上月二十六日表示,經過三年的仔細研究,最後敲定這位於婆羅洲島東部的地點。他說,這尚未命名的新首都,位於印尼這幅員廣大的群島國中部,且已具備相對完整的基礎設施,因為它鄰近巴里巴伴及沙馬林達市。

他說,爪哇島上的雅加達作為政府、金融、商業、貿易和服務業中心,以及該國最大的機場與海港所在地,負擔過重。

佐科威表示,之所以不在爪哇島上另覓他處作為新首都地點,是因為印尼的財富和人口已高度集中在爪哇島,而這些應該要分散開來。

目前該國近二點七億人口中,有百分之五十四居於爪哇島,該島為全印尼人口最稠密之地區。

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