The 23rd session of the Conference of the Parties (COP23) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was held in Bonn, Germany, from Nov. 6 to 17.
This was the first major international climate conference since US President Donald Trump announced his intention to withdraw the US from the Paris Agreement.
On Oct. 30, prior to the opening of the conference, the World Meteorological Organization released data showing 2017, with its rapid succession of extreme weather events such as hurricanes, flooding and droughts, is to be the hottest year since records began.
Two years ago, 195 countries reached an agreement in Paris, promising to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, especially carbon dioxide, and to keep the temperature increase within 1.5 degrees Celsius. The agreement, which is to come into force three years after the signing, is a milestone in the fight against global warming. To implement the provisions in the agreement, it was necessary to plan a “rule book” for how it is to be implemented. The focus of the Bonn summit was to continue negotiations on the details, including ways to implement and verify carbon reduction, its technologies and tools, and sources of funding.
Although Taiwan, which is not a member of the UN, was not allowed to participate in this summit, since Taiwan’s formal announcement in 2009 to promote meaningful participation of the UNFCCC, Taiwan has participated in COP meetings as an observer representing an NGO, the Industrial Technology Research Institute. This year, Taiwan planned to participate in COP23 in the same capacity, but due to China’s intervention, its delegation was barred from entering the venue.
(CNA, translated by Lin Lee-kai)
1. climate change
(qi4 hou4 bian4 hua4)
2. extreme weather
(ji2 duan1 qi4 hou4)
5. greenhouse gas
(wen1 shi4 qi4 ti3)
6. carbon dioxide
(er4 yang3 hua4 tan4)
Three adopted Japanese shibas — eight-year-old male Hero, three-year-old female Wish and the latest addition to the family in 2017, a male named Tiger — are the main protagonists of a Facebook page created by their owner, called Hero&Wish, which has over 5,000 followers. Tiger was originally a stray, although it is unclear what caused him to be homeless. Fortunately, he tramped onto a school campus in southern Taiwan. While classes were underway, the forlorn sound of feeble footsteps reverberated in the corridor outside. A teacher went out to investigate and discovered Tiger, with an astonishing trail of bloody paw prints
A: It’s difficult to know what we will need for a two-week quarantine. So far I’ve ordered bread, vegetables, meat — and a large box of Korean-style spicy instant noodles. B: Um, if we have a fever, we will want to eat plain food, like rice porridge or chicken soup. A: That’s true. I’ll add a bag of rice to the order and we can make some chicken soup, divide it into individual portions and freeze it. A: 很難想得到我們隔離兩個星期會需要些什麼。到目前為止，我訂了麵包、蔬菜、肉類──還有一大盒韓式辣泡麵。 B: 呃，如果我們發燒的話，應該會想吃清淡的食物吧，像是稀飯或是雞湯。 A: 這倒是真的。我再加一袋米到訂單裡面好了，然後我們可以做一些雞湯，把它分裝以後拿去冷凍。 English 英文: Chinese 中文:
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