Wed, Apr 23, 2014 - Page 10 News List

Ebola detected in Guinea victims
在幾內亞患者中檢測到伊波拉病毒

Health workers walk in an isolation center for people infected with Ebola at Donka Hospital in Conakry, Guinea on April 14.
醫療人員四月十四日進出幾內亞柯那克里一處伊波拉病毒感染病患的隔離中心。

Photo: AFP
照片:法新社

Samples from victims of a viral hemorrhagic fever that has killed more than a hundred people in Guinea have tested positive for the Ebola virus, government officials said, marking the first time an outbreak among humans has been detected in this West African nation.

Government spokesman Damantang Albert Camara said the virus was found in tests conducted at a laboratory in Lyon, France. A Health Ministry statement said 80 cases including 59 deaths had been reported, most of them in three southern prefectures near neighboring Sierra Leone and Liberia.

Previous Ebola outbreaks have been reported in Congo and Uganda, most recently in 2012. The only prior case of a human contracting the virus in West Africa came in 1994, when a scientist fell ill while responding to Ebola cases among chimpanzees in a national park in Ivory Coast, said Esther Sterk, tropical disease adviser for Doctors Without Borders. The scientist eventually recovered.

Officials have not been able to determine how Ebola was introduced, though that can result from contact with an infected animal like a bat or a monkey. Among humans the disease is transmitted through bodily fluids.

Officials have also been unable to determine the subtype of Ebola, which would give them a better idea of the fatality rate, Sterk said. The fatality rate for Ebola can range from 25 to 90 percent.

(AP)

在幾內亞已造成超過百人死亡的一種病毒性出血熱患者檢體中,檢驗出伊波拉病毒陽性反應,政府官員說,顯示該病毒在這個西非國家首度被發現在人際間傳播。

政府發言人卡馬拉表示,該病毒是在法國里昂實驗室進行的檢驗中發現的。衛生部聲明說,已通報八十起病例,其中五十九人死亡,多數病例集中在接近鄰國獅子山共和國與賴比瑞亞的三個南部省份。

此前獲報的伊波拉疫情爆發是在剛果與烏干達,最近一次是二0一二年。在西部非洲唯一人類感染該病毒的前例是在一九九四年,當時一名科學家在處理象牙海岸國家公園黑猩猩的伊波拉病例時染病,「無國界醫生」熱帶疾病顧問艾斯特‧史特克說。該名科學家最後痊癒。

官員尚未能判定伊波拉是如何感染給人類,雖然這可能肇因於與染病動物,例如蝙蝠或猴子接觸所致。而人際間的傳染是透過體液。

TODAY’S WORDS
今日單字

1. outbreak n.

爆發;突然發生 (bao4 fa1; tu2 ran2 fa1 sheng1)

例: The UN envoy condemns recent outbreaks of deadly violence in Somalia.

(聯合國特使譴責最近在索馬利亞爆發的死亡衝突。)

2. contract v.

染病;染習 (ran3 bing4; ran3 xi2)

例: She contracted HIV 12 years ago.

(她十二年前感染愛滋病毒。)

3. transmit v.

傳染;傳導 (chuan2 ran3; chuan2 dao3)

例: The transmitted signal was never received.

(該傳輸訊號從未被接收。)


官員也無法判定該伊波拉亞型病毒,以便進一步了解其致死率,史特克說。伊波拉的致死率可能介於百分之二十五到百分之九十之間。

(美聯社/翻譯:魏國金)

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