Tue, Mar 04, 2014 - Page 10 News List

Israeli bill to outlaw the word Nazi sparks ire
以色列禁納粹字眼法案引發眾怒

Israel’s Defense Minister Moshe Ya’alon, right, lights a candle during a wreath laying ceremony at the “Gleis 17” (Platform 17) memorial at Grunewald railway station in Berlin, Germany on Jan. 31. The Gleis 17 memorial is a platform at the Grunewald station in Berlin from where some 50,000 Jewish citizens were deported by train to the Nazi concentration camps between 1941 and 1945.
以色列國防部長摩西‧亞阿隆(右)一月三十一日在德國柏林格隆納瓦爾德車站第十七號月台一場獻花活動上,點上蠟燭。第十七號月台在一九四一年至一九四五年期間,曾是納粹押解五萬名德國猶太人至集中營處決的死亡之旅起點。

Photo: Reuters
照片:路透

An Israeli draft law that would criminalize the use of the word Nazi in most cases has sparked a debate on freedom of speech in a state that was founded out of the ashes of the Holocaust.

Seven decades later, memories of the extermination of millions of Jews during World War II permeate virtually every aspect of life in Israel. Public figures and interest groups frequently invoke the World War II genocide to score political points, and the word “Nazi” and Nazi symbols have slipped into Israeli discourse over the years.

The bill would impose a fine of 100,000 shekels (US$2,854) and six months in jail for anybody using the word or symbols from Adolf Hitler’s Third Reich in a “wrong or inappropriate way.” Educational settings would be exempt, as would certain artistic performances, said Shimon Ohayon, the bill’s sponsor.

Israel’s legislature gave preliminary approval to the measure, but it still must pass three more readings and committee discussions before becoming law. A similar effort in 2012 fell in committee amid opposition.

(Liberty Times)

以色列一項可能把在多數情況下使用「納粹」一字視為罪行的草案,已在這個自猶太大屠殺廢墟中重生的國家引發一場有關言論自由的辯論。

七十年後,有關二次大戰期間數百萬猶太人慘遭滅絕的記憶仍充斥在以色列生活的幾乎所有層面。公眾人物與利益團體經常引用這場二戰種族屠殺來取得政治優勢,這個字眼和納粹象徵多年來也已進入以色列的日常談話中。

這項法案將對任何在「錯誤或不當狀況下」使用納粹一字或希特勒治下第三帝國象徵者,處以以色列幣十萬元(兩千八百五十四美元)罰款及六個月有期徒刑。據法案支持者歐哈永表示,教育及藝術表演場合可免受罰。

以國國會已初步通過這項措施,但法案仍須經國會三讀及小組討論後才能正式立法生效。二0一二年時一項類似的立法行動在小組委員會階段遭到反對而宣告失敗。

(自由時報/翻譯:俞智敏)

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. ash n.

灰燼;廢墟 (hui1 jin4; fei4 xu1)

例: The nation slowly rose from the ashes of war.

(這個國家自戰火餘燼中緩慢重生。)

2. extermination n.

根除;滅絕 (gen1 chu2; mie4 jue2)

例: International measures have been taken to prevent the extermination of the whale.

(國際社會已採取行動防止鯨類滅絕。)

3. score points v. phr.

刻意迎合他人 (ke4 yi4 ying2 he2 ta1 ren2)

例: She washed the car in order to score points with her father.

(她洗車就是要討爸爸歡心。)


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