Wed, Dec 25, 2013 - Page 10 News List

UN plan charts path to climate accord limiting pollution
聯合國方案畫出邁向限制污染的氣候協議路線

Glaciers in Antarctica are pictured in this photo taken on Nov. 9, 2007.
這張攝於二00七年十一月九日的照片,呈現南極冰河。

Photo: AFP
照片:法新社

Envoys from almost 190 nations endorsed a program that sets out steps toward the next agreement aimed at reducing global warming, after accepting a compromise that watered down the responsibilities of developing nations such as India and China.

Delegates at a UN conference in Warsaw backed a plan from India and China calling for all nations to make “contributions” to reducing fossil-fuel emissions within the next two years. The language was less strict than the “commitments” suggested by the US and Europe.

The conference ran a day behind schedule amid divisions between richer nations and poorer ones about who was responsible for climate change and who must move first.

The envoys had locked horns on finance. The typhoon that devastated the Philippines in early November also amplified the anger of developing countries that industrial nations are backtracking on previous pledges.

Japan, Australia and Canada have watered down commitments on emissions. The Warsaw talks mark the first time since the UN started these discussions in 1992 that ambitions have been scaled back.

(Liberty Times)

來自近一百九十國的特使接受淡化印度、中國等開發中國家責任的折衷方案後,簽署一份計畫,訂出邁向下一份旨在減少全球暖化協議的步驟。

在華沙召開的聯合國會議上,與會代表支持印度和中國提出的方案,當中呼籲所有國家在接下來兩年內,對降低化石燃料排放量做出「貢獻」。此一用語不如美國和歐盟所建議的「承諾」一詞嚴格。

這場會議在較富與較窮國之間為了誰該為氣候變遷負責、誰又必須先採取行動的意見分歧中,比原訂時程延長一天。

出席代表在資金問題上激烈爭辯。十一月初重創菲律賓的颱風,也擴大開發中國家對工業國家背棄先前承諾的憤怒。

日本、澳洲和加拿大都淡化對減少碳排量的承諾。華沙會談是自從聯合國一九九二年起召開氣候會議以來,首見縮減對減碳的雄心。

(自由時報/翻譯:管淑平)

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. water down v. phr.

淡化;縮小 (dan4 hua4; suo1 xiao3)

例: After considering the limited budget, we have watered down the scale of the project.

(由於預算有限,我們縮小了這項計畫的規模。)

2. lock horns v. phr.

起紛爭;激烈爭辯 (qi3 fen1 zheng1; ji1 lie4 zheng1 bian4)

例: Jack and his boss locked horns over increasing his workload.

(傑克和他的老闆就增加他的工作量一事槓上了。)

3. backtrack v.

撤回;改變心意 (che4 hui2; gai3 bian4 xin1 yi4)

例: The government has backtracked on the decision to raise tax rates on rich people.

(政府撤回對富人增稅的決定。)


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