Civil unions should not be reserved for heterosexual couples, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled on Nov. 7, condemning Greece for creating a “life partner” legal category that excludes gays.
Judges in Strasbourg said that authorities in Orthodox Christian Greece had not offered “convincing and weighty reasons capable of justifying the exclusion of same-sex couples” when passing a 2008 law.
Grigoris Vallianatos and Nikolaos Mylonas, two Greek gay men, alleged with three other couples that the law infringed their right to respect for their private and family life, a clause in the European Convention on Human Rights, and amounted to unjustified discrimination.
The court noted that European states have no obligation to provide some form of legal recognition for gay relationships, but of the 19 states which authorize some form of registered partnership other than marriage, Lithuania and Greece “are the only ones to reserve it exclusively for couples of the opposite sex,” the court said.
Fewer than half of the 47 signatories to the European Convention on Human Rights, of which the court is the judicial enforcer, have introduced such alternatives to marriage.
The court said that as the two men had found themselves in a “similar situation” to heterosexual couples offered the protection of civil partnerships, they too deserved legal protection.
1. reserve v.
保留；留存；儲備 (bao3 liu2; liu2 cun2; chu2 bei4)
例: Reserve your strength for the climb.
2. unjustified adj.
無法解釋的 (wu2 fa3 jie3 shi4 de5)
例: His pessimism was unjustified.
3. authorize v.
授權；批准；認可 (shou4 quan2; pi1 zhun3; ren4 ke3)
例: According to company policy, you are authorized to use the company car for personal trips not exceeding 100km.