Tue, Dec 03, 2013 - Page 10 News List

European court rules civil unions must be open to gay people
歐洲法院判決 公民結合必須向同性戀者開放

Rainbow flags fly in front of European and Spanish flags during a protest against homophobia and repression against gays in Russia, outside the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation in Madrid, Spain on Sept. 3.
九月三日攝於西班牙馬德里的照片,彩虹旗在一場抗議恐同與對同志打壓飄揚在歐盟與西班牙國旗前。

Photo: AFP
照片:法新社

Civil unions should not be reserved for heterosexual couples, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled on Nov. 7, condemning Greece for creating a “life partner” legal category that excludes gays.

Judges in Strasbourg said that authorities in Orthodox Christian Greece had not offered “convincing and weighty reasons capable of justifying the exclusion of same-sex couples” when passing a 2008 law.

Grigoris Vallianatos and Nikolaos Mylonas, two Greek gay men, alleged with three other couples that the law infringed their right to respect for their private and family life, a clause in the European Convention on Human Rights, and amounted to unjustified discrimination.

The court noted that European states have no obligation to provide some form of legal recognition for gay relationships, but of the 19 states which authorize some form of registered partnership other than marriage, Lithuania and Greece “are the only ones to reserve it exclusively for couples of the opposite sex,” the court said.

Fewer than half of the 47 signatories to the European Convention on Human Rights, of which the court is the judicial enforcer, have introduced such alternatives to marriage.

The court said that as the two men had found themselves in a “similar situation” to heterosexual couples offered the protection of civil partnerships, they too deserved legal protection.

(AFP)

歐洲人權法院(ECHR)十一月七日判決,公民結合不應為異性戀伴侶保留,並譴責希臘建立排除同性戀者的「終身伴侶」法律範疇。

史特拉斯堡的法官指出,基督正教的希臘當局在二00八年通過該法時,沒有提供「可合理化排除同性伴侶的令人信服、有力的理由」。

兩名希臘男同志瓦利安納托斯及麥隆納斯,以及其他三對伴侶宣稱,該法侵犯歐洲人權公約條款保障的尊重其私人與家庭生活之權利,等同於不合理的歧視。

法院指出,歐盟會員國沒有義務提供某種認同同性戀關係的法律形式。不過,當中有十九國除婚姻外,也批准某種登記伴侶形式,立陶宛與希臘「是唯一將其專門保留給異性伴侶的會員國。」該法院說。

在四十七個歐洲人權公約簽署國中,不到半數已採行這類婚姻替代制度;人權法院是公約的執法機構。

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. reserve v.

保留;留存;儲備 (bao3 liu2; liu2 cun2; chu2 bei4)

例: Reserve your strength for the climb.

(留點力氣準備攀登吧。)

2. unjustified adj.

無法解釋的 (wu2 fa3 jie3 shi4 de5)

例: His pessimism was unjustified.

(他的悲觀沒有根據。)

3. authorize v.

授權;批准;認可 (shou4 quan2; pi1 zhun3; ren4 ke3)

例: According to company policy, you are authorized to use the company car for personal trips not exceeding 100km.

(根據公司規定,妳可將公務車用於私人用途,但不超過一百公里的行程。)


法院表示,異性伴侶受公民伴侶關係保障,而當兩名男子發現自己處於「類似」異性伴侶的狀態時,也應獲得法律保障。

(法新社/翻譯:魏國金)

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