Tue, Oct 29, 2013 - Page 10 News List

Surgery has growing death risk through the week
手術死亡風險越接近週末越高

A surgical technician prepares an operation room in the University of Mississippi Medical Center in Jackson, Mississippi on Oct. 4.
一位手術技術員十月四日,在密西西比州傑克遜密西西比大學醫學中心手術房,做術前準備。

Photo: Reuters
照片:路透

People who have surgery towards the end of the week are more likely to die than those who have procedures earlier on, researchers say.

A British Medical Journal report into non-emergency operations in England, suggests the overall risk of death from such planned procedures remains low. But it shows “unacceptable” variation in survival rates through the week, a leading body of UK surgeons says.

Researchers from Imperial College London gathered data from all non-emergency surgery undertaken by the National Health Service in England in 2008 to 2011. Looking at some 4 million operations they found more than 27,000 deaths within a month of surgery, putting the average risk of death at 0.67 percent.

The researchers say they are concerned about the significant variation over the week, with the risk lowest for surgery carried out on Monday and then increasing with each subsequent day to peak at the weekend.

(Liberty Times)

研究人員說,在一週接近尾聲時動手術的人,死亡的機率要比較早動手術的人高。

《英國醫學期刊》的一份報告檢視英格蘭的非緊急手術,顯示這類計畫性手術的整體死亡風險仍低。但一個英國外科醫師團體表示,一週期間的存活率,有「讓人無法接受」的變化。

倫敦大學帝國學院的研究人員,蒐集二00八年至二0一一年間在英格蘭「國民保健服務」醫院進行的所有非緊急手術資料。他們在檢視約四百萬場手術後發現,手術一個月內有兩萬七千多件死亡案例,平均死亡風險是百分之零點六七。

研究人員說,他們擔心的是一週內的重大變化,週一進行的手術風險最低,接著逐日升高,到週末期間達到高峰。

(自由時報/翻譯:自由時報國際新聞中心)

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. procedure n.

手術;程序 (shou3 shu4; cheng2 xu4)

例: The company has new procedures for dealing with complaints.

(這家公司有新的申訴處理程序。)

2. undertake v.

從事;著手做 (cong2 shi4; zhuo2 shou3 zuo4)

例: Students are required to undertake simple experiments.

(學生被要求做些簡單的實驗。)

3. peak v.

達到高峰 (da2 dao4 gao1 feng1)

例: Holiday flights peak during August.

(假期航班在八月間達到高峰。)


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