Wed, Oct 23, 2013 - Page 10 News List

Mexico proposes tax on sugary beverages
墨西哥提議對含糖飲料課稅

A man drinks a soft drink at a store in Mexico City, Mexico on Sept. 9.
一名男子九月九日在墨西哥墨西哥市一間商店前飲用不含酒精的飲料。

Photo: Reuters
照片:路透

The Mexican government proposed penalizing sugary beverages with a special tax in an effort to contain twin epidemics of obesity and Type 2 diabetes, attempting to join countries such as France and Hungary in taxing sweet drinks in the name of public health.

Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto’s tax overhaul targets all sugar-sweetened beverages, not just soda, in a country where seven of 10 adults are either overweight or obese. An estimated 15 percent of people over age 20 have adult-onset diabetes.

The sugar content of carbonated soda has received heaps of attention in Mexico recently. An initiative in the Senate called for a 20 percent tax on soda.

The bill proposed on Sept. 8 would apply a tax of one peso (US$0.08) for each liter of sugar-sweetened beverage. The government said the tax of one peso per liter would bring in a little more than US$900 million a year in revenue.

Mexico’s Congress is expected to approve the broader fiscal proposal, including the soft-drink tax by mid-November, without substantial changes.

(Liberty times)

墨西哥政府力圖遏止肥胖與二型糖尿病雙生流行病,提案課徵特別稅懲罰含糖飲料,打算像法國和匈牙利一樣,從公共衛生的考量,而對含糖飲料課稅。

墨西哥總統潘尼亞.尼托的稅制改革提案,目標不只是汽水,而是所有加糖飲料。這個國家每十名成人就有七人體重過重或病態肥胖。估計二十歲以上的人有百分之十五罹患成年發病型糖尿病。

碳酸飲料的糖份問題,近年在墨西哥受到極大關注。參議院的一項提案要求對汽水課百分之二十的稅。

九月八日提出的這項提案將對每公升加糖飲料課徵一披索(八美分)的稅。政府說,每公升課徵一披索的稅,一年將帶來略高於九億美元的稅收。

預期墨西哥國會將在十一月中旬前,幾乎原封不動地批准包括軟性飲料稅在內的廣泛財政提案。

(自由時報/翻譯:管淑平)

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. contain v.

遏制;克制 (e4 zhi4; ke4 zhi4)

例: Doctors are trying to contain the spread of the disease.

(醫師正設法遏止這種疾病蔓延。)

2. overhaul n.

大幅更新修改 (da4 fu2 geng1 xin1 xiu1 gai3)

例: The system requires an urgent overhaul.

(該系統亟需大幅更新修改。)

3. heap n.

大量 (da4 liang4)

例: We still have heaps of time to finish our work.

(我們還有很多時間完成工作。)


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