Wed, Aug 28, 2013 - Page 11 News List

Vinegar screening helps cut cervical cancer deaths in India
在印度,醋酸篩檢法有助降低子宮頸癌死亡率

Comedian Kathy Griffin gets a public pap smear on camera in order to promote women’s health awareness in California on April 16, 2010.
喜劇演員凱西‧格里芬二0一0年四月十六日在加州為了推廣婦女健康,接受公開被攝影廣播的巴氏試驗。

Photo: AFP
照片:法新社

A simple screening program for cervical cancer using vinegar and visual exams helped reduce deaths caused by the cancer by 31 percent in a group of 150,000 poor women in India, researchers reported.

If implemented broadly, the screening program could lead to the prevention of 22,000 deaths from cervical cancer in India, and 72,000 deaths in the developing world each year, the team reported.

“We had a 31 percent reduction in cervical cancer death. That was very significant,” said Surendra Shastri of Tata Memorial Hospital in Mumbai, India, who led the study.

The study involved women selected from 20 slums in the city of Mumbai. For the screening program, the team trained young women with at least a 10th grade education on how to apply the vinegar solution and evaluate the results.

As a result of these efforts, “The screening participation rates were 89 percent, huge for a country like India,” Shastri said.

The study involved women aged 35 to 64 with no previous history of cancer. They were randomly assigned to either an education program to teach women how to recognize symptoms of cervical cancer or a screening program in which a vinegar solution is applied to the cervix, which can make pre-cancerous tissues turn white and visible to the naked eye after only a minute.

(Reuters)

一種使用醋酸與目測檢視的簡易子宮頸癌篩檢計畫,在印度十五萬名貧窮婦女的群體中,有效降低該癌症百分之三十一死亡率,研究人員報告指出。

如果廣泛實施,這項篩檢計畫每年在印度可預防兩萬兩千件子宮頸癌死亡病例,在開發中國家則達七萬兩千件死亡病例,研究團隊報告說。

「我們降低百分之三十一的子宮頸癌死亡病例,成效非常顯著,」領導該研究的孟買塔塔紀念醫院沙斯特里博士說。

這項研究涉及從孟買二十個貧民窟挑選的婦女。為了這項篩檢計畫,該團隊訓練教育程度至少十年級的年輕婦女如何塗抹醋酸溶液並評估結果。

由於這些努力,「篩檢參與率達百分之八十九,像印度這樣的國家,這是很高的比率,」沙斯特里說。

這項研究涉及三十五至六十四歲、沒有癌症病史的婦女。她們被隨機分派到教導婦女如何辨識子宮頸癌症狀的教育課程或篩檢計畫,將醋酸溶液塗抹在子宮頸,短短一分鐘後,癌前病變組織變白,而肉眼清楚可見。

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. implement v.

貫徹;執行;實施 (guan4 che4; zhi2 xing2; shi2 shi1)

例: The program was never implemented due to high costs.

(計畫因為成本太高而未執行。)

2. slum n.

貧民窟 (pin2 min2 ku1)

例: Those kids grew up in the slums.

(那些小孩在貧民窟長大。)

3. the naked eye n. phr.

肉眼 (rou4 yan3)

例: You can see that ship in the distance with the naked eye?

(你能用肉眼看到遠處的那艘船嗎?)


(路透社/翻譯:魏國金)

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