Thu, May 16, 2013 - Page 10 News List

Childhood TV addicts more likely to commit crime
童年電視上癮者 較可能犯罪

Children play with their nursery school teacher at their kindergarten in Hanau, 30km south of Frankfurt, Germany on March 12.
三月十二日在德國法蘭克福近郊三十公里外的哈瑙,孩童們與他們幼兒園托育老師玩耍。

Photo: Reuters
照片:路透

Children who watch excessive amounts of television are more likely to have criminal convictions and show aggressive personality traits as adults, a New Zealand study has found.

The University of Otago study tracked the viewing habits of about 1,000 children born in the early 1970s from when they were aged five to 15, then followed up when the subjects were 26 years old to assess potential impacts. The research, published in the US journal Pediatrics this week, found a strong correlation between childhood exposure to television and anti-social behavior in young adults.

“The risk of having a criminal conviction by early adulthood increased by about 30 percent with every hour that children spent watching television on an average weeknight,” co-author Bob Hancox said.

The study also found excessive TV viewing was linked to aggressive personality traits and an increased tendency to experience negative emotions.

(AFP)

紐西蘭研究發現,電視看太多的孩童,成年時較可能因犯罪定罪,個性上也較咄咄逼人。

澳洲奧塔哥大學的這份研究,追蹤一九七○年代初期出生的約一千名孩童五歲到十五歲時看電視的習慣,接著在這些樣本二十六歲時進行追蹤,評估可能的影響。這份刊登在本週美國期刊《小兒科學》的研究發現,孩童時代過量接觸電視,與剛成年時的反社會行為有強烈關聯。

報告共同作者漢考克斯說:「成年期初期的犯罪定罪風險,隨著孩童在一般週間夜晚看電視的時間而增加,每多看一小時電視,增加約三成定罪風險。」

這份研究也發現,看太多電視與個性咄咄逼人的特質,以及負面情緒傾向增加有關。

(法新社/翻譯:自由時報國際新聞中心)

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. addict n.

上癮者 (shang4 yin3 zhe3)

例: I’m a chocolate addict.

(我對巧克力上癮。)

2. excessive adj.

過量的 (guo4 liang4 de5)

例: Excessive exercise can sometimes cause health problems.

(過度運動有時候會導致健康問題。)

3. aggressive adj.

侵犯的;挑釁的 (qin1 fan4 de5; tiao3 xin4 de5)

例: If I criticize him, he gets aggressive and starts shouting.

(如果我批評他,他就會抓狂,開始大吼。)


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