Tue, Apr 02, 2013 - Page 11 News List

Carbon dating confirms Taiwan’s oldest relics in Taitung
八仙洞遺址鑑定 兩萬七千年前就有人跡

? The Basiandong Historical Site in Taitung County is seen in this photo taken on March 27.
這張照片是三月二十七日攝於台東縣長濱鄉的八仙洞遺址。

Photo: Huang Ming-tang, Liberty Times
照片:自由時報記者黃明堂

The Basiandong Historical Site in Taitung County’s Changbin Township is Taiwan’s earliest known site. Carbon dating places the historical site at 27,000 years old and a total of 30 caves have been discovered there thus far. The story of Taiwan’s earliest prehistoric site is currently on display at the National Museum of Prehistory in Taitung.

The Taitung County Government commissioned Academia Sinica’s Institute of History and Philology to lead the research project studying the Basiandong site. Tsang Cheng-hwa, a researcher from the institute, has led the archeological team since September of 2008 in conducting a survey of the site. Many of the team’s most important findings are included in the special exhibit, “Taiwan’s Earliest Hunters — Archeological Finds from Basiandong,” which is on display at the museum until the end of June.

Basiandong has always been Taiwan’s most representative Paleolithic site. Archeologists had previously carbon dated samples from the site at between 15,000 and 5,000 years old, even estimating some samples to be 30,000 years old, but they had always lacked compelling evidence to back up the claims, which the most recent scientific study has finally given them.

(Liberty Times, Translated by Kyle Jeffcoat)

台東縣長濱鄉八仙洞遺址是台灣目前所知年代最早的遺址,經碳十四鑑定,年代在距今兩萬七千年前,共有卅處洞穴。台灣最早的史前遺址的故事,近日起在國立台灣史前文化博物館展出。

台東縣政府委託中央研究院歷史語言研究所執行八仙洞遺址調查研究計畫,從二○○八年九月起,委託中央研究院歷史語言研究所研究員臧振華主持考古團隊,在八仙洞遺址進行調查研究,取得了多項重要成果,於已開展的「台灣最早的獵人—八仙洞舊石器時代考古發現特展」中呈現。展覽持續到六月底。

八仙洞遺址是台灣最具代表性的舊石器時代遺址,考古界過去鑑定的年代在距今一萬五千年至五千年之間,甚至推估三萬年前,但一直缺乏有力證據,經過這次科學調查取得證據。

(自由時報記者黃明堂)

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. prehistoric adj.

史前的 (shi3 qian2 de5)

例: These cave paintings are our only source for understanding the society’s prehistoric gender roles.

(這些洞穴壁畫是我們了解史前社會的性別角色的唯一來源。)

2. sample n.

樣本 (yang4 ben3)

例: Let’s collect some samples to take back to the lab for testing.

(我們蒐集一些樣本拿回實驗室測試。)

3. compelling adj.

令人信服的 (ling4 ren2 xin4 fu2 de5)

例: The lawyer made a compelling argument.

(律師提供令人信服的辯詞。)


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