Wed, Jan 16, 2013 - Page 10 News List

Moderate drinking in pregnancy harms IQ
懷孕喝酒 量少也傷胎兒智商

A pregnant woman talks on a mobile phone outside a water birth room at a hospital in Beijing on Nov. 28 last year.
一位孕婦去年十一月二十八日,在北京一所醫院的水中分娩室外講手機。

Photo: AFP
照片:法新社

Drinking one or two glasses of wine a week during pregnancy can have an impact on a child’s IQ, a study says.

Researchers from Oxford and Bristol universities looked at the IQ scores of 4,000 children as well as recording the alcohol intake of their mothers. They found “moderate” alcohol intake of one to six units a week during pregnancy affected IQ.

Experts said the effect was small, but reinforced the need to avoid alcohol in pregnancy.

Previous studies have produced inconsistent and confusing evidence on whether low to moderate levels of alcohol are harmful in pregnancy, largely because it is difficult to separate out other factors that may have an effect such as the mother’s age and education.

(Liberty Times)

研究說,懷孕期間一週喝一到兩杯酒,會影響胎兒的智商。

牛津大學與布里斯托大學研究人員,觀察四千名兒童的智力測驗成績,並記錄兒童母親的酒精攝取量。他們發現,懷孕期間一週內一到六份的「中度」酒精攝取量,會影響胎兒智商。

專家說,這種影響不大,但強化了懷孕期間避開酒精的必要性。

懷孕期間從少量到中度酒精攝取是否有害,先前研究結果不一致,且讓人混淆,部分原因是很難控制母親年齡與教育程度等可能的干擾因子。

(自由時報/翻譯:自由時報國際新聞中心)

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. reinforce v.

強化 (qiang2 hua4)

例: His behavior merely reinforced my dislike of him.

(他的行為只讓我更不喜歡他。)

2. inconsistent adj.

不一致的 (bu4 yi2 zhi4 de5)

例: These findings are inconsistent with those of previous studies.

(這些發現與先前的研究不一致。)

3. factor n.

因子;因素 (yin1 zi3; yin1 su4)

例: The economy is regarded as the decisive factor determining the outcome of the general election.

(經濟被認為是影響大選結果的決定性因素。)


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