Tue, Nov 20, 2012 - Page 10 News List

Job strain boosts risk of heart disease by 23%
工作壓力 心臟疾病風險升百分之二十三

People participate in a demonstration in Madrid, Spain on Nov. 14.
民眾十一月十四日參與西班牙馬德里的一場抗議活動。

Photo: EPA
照片:歐新社

Workers who suffer job strain are 23 percent more likely to have a heart attack than stress-free counterparts, but the risk is far smaller than smoking or a sedentary lifestyle, says a large study published in The Lancet on Sept. 14.

The new paper is a meta-analysis — an overview of 13 studies conducted between 1985 and 2006 in seven European countries that adopted the same approach: participants without coronary heart disease were first interviewed and their health was then monitored, for 7.5 years on average.

In all, 197,473 took part in these studies, of whom 30,214 reported job strain, defined as having excessive workloads, time pressures and little freedom to make decisions at work.

During the monitoring period that followed, doctors recorded 2,356 heart attacks. The risk was 23 percent higher among the “job strain” group, even when age, gender and socioeconomic factors, which all influence risk, were taken into account.

(AFP)

九月十四日公佈在《刺胳針》的大型研究指出,工作有壓力的勞工,心臟病發作風險比沒有壓力的勞工高百分之二十三,但風險遠低於吸菸或久坐型的生活型態。

這份新報告是一份綜合分析,綜覽十三份一九八五年到二○○六年間在七個歐洲國家以同樣方式進行的研究:沒有冠心病的參與者初次受訪後,持續被觀察其健康平均七點五年。

整體而言,十九萬七千四百七十三名參與研究者中,三萬零兩百一十四人報告有工作壓力,也就是工作過量、有時間壓力、工作時能做決定的自由不多。

在追蹤觀察期間,醫師記錄到兩千三百五十六件心臟病發作案例。即便是年齡、性別、社經等會影響風險的因素都列入考量,心臟病發風險在「工作壓力」組高出百分之二十三。

(法新社/翻譯:自由時報國際新聞中心)

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