Wed, Oct 24, 2012 - Page 10 News List

Childhood music classes help adult hearing
童年上音樂課有助成年後聽力

Members of World Vision Korea Children’s Choir and Crystal Children’s Choir Taiwan along with conductors Heechurl Kim, right, and Julian Su, second right, pose for a group photo after a joint concert held in Hsinchu City on Feb. 11.
韓國世界展望會兒童合唱團與晶晶兒童合唱團台灣團成員,以及指揮家金喜徹(右)與蘇慶俊(右二)二月十一日,在新竹舉辦的聯合音樂會後大合照。

Photo: Lin Ya-ti, Taipei Times
照片:台北時報記者林亞蒂

Children who take music lessons have better hearing as adults, a study in the Journal of Neuroscience suggests. It found that children who played an instrument, even for as little as one to five years, had enhanced brain responses to complex sounds.

Compared with those who had never taken music classes, they were better at recognizing different frequencies. This improved hearing ability can help listeners follow conversations in noisy environments, such as restaurants.

Report author Nina Kraus said, “Based on what we already know about the ways that music helps shape the brain, the study suggests that short-term music lessons may enhance lifelong listening and learning.”

“We infer that a few years of music lessons also confers advantages in how one perceives and attends to sounds in everyday communication situations, such as noisy restaurants.”

(Liberty Times)

刊登在《神經科學期刊》的研究顯示,童年時上音樂課的小孩,長大後聽力較好。這份研究發現,學習樂器的小孩,即便只學一到五年,也能增進大腦對複雜聲響的反應。

相較於從未上過音樂課的人,學樂器的人較能辨識不同的頻率。這種較佳的聽覺能力,有助於聽者在像是餐廳等嘈雜環境,不受干擾,繼續進行對話。

研究報告作者妮娜‧克勞斯說:「根據音樂如何幫助大腦成形的既有知識,這份研究顯示,短期音樂課程或許有助於強化一生的聽覺與學習能力。」

「我們推測,短短幾年的音樂課,也能讓一個人對日常聲音的感知與身處例如餐廳等嘈雜場合時對聲音的注意,有好處。」

(自由時報/翻譯:自由時報國際新聞中心)

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. infer v.

推測 (tui1 ce4)

例: I inferred from her expression that she wanted to leave.

(從她的表情看來,我推測她想離開。)

2. confer v.

賦予;授予 (fu4 yu3; shou4 you3)

例: An honorary doctorate was conferred on him by Edinburgh University.

(愛丁堡大學授予他榮譽博士學位。)

3. attend to v. phr.

注意;照料 (zhu4 yi4; zhao4 liao4)

例: Doctors tried to attend to the soldiers with the worst injuries first.

(醫師試著先照料傷勢最重的士兵。)


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