Wed, Sep 12, 2012 - Page 11 News List

He has Asperger’s syndrome, not autism
他不是孤僻 是亞斯伯格症作祟

Autistic children play games with their parents at an education institute for autism in Shandong Province’s Qingdao city in China on July 14.
罹患自閉症的孩童七月十四日與中國山東省青島市的一所自閉症教育中心與家長一起玩遊戲。

Photo: EPA
照片:歐新社

Wang Hsiao-ti, a fourth-grade elementary school student, was having trouble getting along with his peers, was extremely stubborn about the minutest details of everyday life, and was plagued with extreme mood swings. To help Wang deal with the difficulties of adapting to everyday life, his parents and teachers decided to take him in for an evaluation at a child psychiatry clinic, where doctors diagnosed him with Asperger’s syndrome.

Wu Sih-ying, a doctor at the Hsinchu Branch of National Taiwan University Hospital, says that Wang often ignores group activities that are going on during class, and voices his own opinions or just reads his books. Even after the teacher repeatedly reminds him to do something, Wang usually still has difficulties cooperating.

After class is dismissed, he usually walks around the playground by himself, watching his classmates play dodgeball or hide-and-seek, but does not know how to join in on the games. Sometimes his classmates invite him to play with them, but Wang is always fastidious about the rules of the game and yells at anyone who does not follow the rules. He also does not understand the various facial expressions, gestures and signals of his classmates, which eventually causes them not to want to play with him.

On the other hand, Wang is quite adept at working with machines. He can read difficult textbooks by himself, draw detailed blueprints, explain things systematically, and use logic and reasoning that typically wins him admiration from adults. He also usually takes the initiative in taking care of and teaching children from lower grades. If Wang sees someone being bullied, he will try to stand up for them even if he is outnumbered or at a disadvantage. He will also cry for an entire night after reading news about famine in Africa and implore his parents to do something to help the suffering children.

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. peer n.

同儕;朋輩 (tong2 chai2; peng2 bei4)

例: She succumbed to peer pressure and voted for the less qualified candidate.

(他受朋輩壓力的影響,投票給資格較低的候選人。)

2. mood swings n.

情緒波動 (qing2 xu4 bo1 dong4)

例: With more pressure at home and at the office recently, his mood swings have gotten significantly worse over the past few weeks.

(最近在家和辦公室有更多壓力,讓他這幾週的情緒波動漸漸變得更嚴重。)

3. systematically adv.

有條有理地 (you3 tiao2 you2 li3 de5)

例: The detective solved the case by systematically arranging all of the clues, finding specific patterns in the killer’s behavior.

(偵探最後解決這個案子,是因為他有條有理地安排了所有線索,分析出殺手行為的特定模式。)


Current medical research shows that the causes of Asperger’s syndrome and high-functioning autism are multifaceted, including genetics, complications during pregnancy and damage to the brain, but precise pathologies are at times not that apparent.

Wu suggests that parents, teachers and people in close contact with children suffering from Asperger’s syndrome listen and try to understand their thoughts and teach them how to express themselves more effectively, as well as teach other children to respect and understand the condition.

(Liberty Times, Translated by Kyle Jeffcoat)

小學四年級的王小弟難以融入同儕,對許多生活細節十分固執,情緒起伏大,父母及老師在協助他生活適應上感到困難,帶到兒童心智科門診評估,醫師診斷出罹患亞斯伯格症。

台大醫院新竹分院醫師吳思穎表示,學校上課時,王小弟常忽略團體正在進行的活動,直接發表意見或看起自己的書,即使老師反覆提醒仍難配合。

下課時間,王小弟常一個人在操場遊走,看著同學們玩躲避球、捉迷藏,卻不知道如何加入遊戲。有時同學邀請他一起玩,王小弟會十分堅持遊戲規則,並且會大聲指責犯規的人,也看不懂同學之間的一些眼神和手勢暗號,漸漸地,同學們不願和他一起玩。

不過,王小弟對於機械方面十分在行,可自行研讀艱難的教科書,畫出精細的設計圖,並解說得有條有理,邏輯讓大人們都佩服;也會主動去照顧及教導低年級的小朋友,看到有人受欺負,不管自己勢單力薄,一定會挺身而出主持正義,甚至看到報導非洲饑荒的新聞時,會哭一晚,急切要求爸媽和他一起想辦法幫助受苦的孩子們。

目前醫界對亞斯伯格症或高功能自閉症的研究發現,其成因與許多因素相關,包括基因、妊娠過程的不順利、腦部損傷等,但有時並無法找出明顯的致病因子。

醫師建議家長、老師和身邊的人們,試著理解孩子的想法,教他如何適切地表達,也協助其他孩子們學著尊重和理解此類病童。

(自由時報記者蔡彰盛)

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