Wed, Sep 05, 2012 - Page 10 News List

Physical function poorer following menopause
更年期後身體功能較差

People exercise at Toucian Sports Park in New Taipei City’s Sinjhuang District at dusk on Sunday.
民眾週日黃昏在新北市新莊區的頭前運動公園運動。

Photo: Lin Ya-ti, Taipei Times
照片:台北時報林亞蒂

As women go through the menopause, they may see a decline in their ability to carry out routine tasks such as climbing stairs and carrying heavy things, according to a US study.

Exactly why is not clear, though weight gain and depression seem to account for the link to a degree, said researchers whose findings were published in the journal Menopause.

“There is definitely a connection between menopause and the physical limitations women perceive themselves as having,” said lead researcher Lisa Tseng, a medical student at the University of Pittsburgh.

Tseng said her findings suggest that the physiological changes of menopause play a role. A woman’s body tends to go through physical changes with an increase in fat and decrease in muscle mass. With a decline in estrogen, bone mass also falls.

Men also lose muscle mass and strength as they age, but studies have found that a reduction in women’s physical strength seems to speed up around the menopause.

(Reuters)

根據一項美國研究指出,女性走過更年期時,可能會看到做爬樓梯與提重物等例行工作的能力下滑。

在《更年期》期刊刊登發現的研究人員說,實際原因並不清楚,不過體重增加與憂鬱症狀似乎可以解釋些許關聯。

首席研究員、匹茲堡大學醫學系學生麗莎.曾(譯音)說:「更年期與女性認為自己身體受到限制之間絕對有關聯。」

麗莎.曾表示,她的發現顯示,更年期的生理改變造成這種作用。女性的身體組成似乎會隨著脂肪增加以及肌肉質量降低而改變,隨著雌激素減少,骨質密度也會降低。

男性也會隨著年紀增長流失肌肉密度與力量,但研究發現女性力量的減少似乎會在更年期左右加速。

(路透/翻譯:國際新聞中心)

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. account for v. phr.

解釋原因 (jie3 shi4 yuan2 yin1)

例: He has to account for to his manager all of his movements.

(他對經理解釋他所有動作的原因。)

2. age v.

年紀增長;變老 (nian2 ji4 zeng1 zhang3)

例: She’s aged since the last time we met.

(自從上次我看到她,她變老了。)

3. speed up v. phr.

加速 (jia1 su4)

例: This drug may have the effect of speeding up your heart rate.

(這種藥可能會有加速你心跳的影響。)


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