Tue, Aug 21, 2012 - Page 10 News List

Global trade plays key role in species threats: study
國際貿易 威脅物種生存的要角

Containers are seen piled up by an empty ship berth at Tokyo Port in Japan on May 10.
這張五月十日攝於日本東京港的照片,是放在一處空的貨輪停泊處前的層層貨櫃。

Photo: EPA
照片:歐新社

Nearly a third of animal species under threat in developing nations can be linked to global trade of manufactured goods and commodities such as sugar, coffee and cocoa, researchers said on June 6.

Policies aimed at curbing threats to species should take into account not only local producers who degrade the land, but also foreign consumers who benefit from products at the expense of the habitat, said a study led by the University of Sydney.

“Excluding invasive species, we found that 30 percent of species threats are due to international trade,” said the study, published in the June 7 edition of Nature.

For example, the spider monkey is endangered and threatened by habitat loss linked to coffee and cocoa plantations in Mexico and Central America, which export their products abroad.

The US, the EU and Japan are the main destinations for commodities associated with species threats, while Indonesia and Malaysia are among the biggest exporters, the study found.

“To combat biodiversity loss, policies aimed at producers, traders and consumers must be implemented in parallel,” the authors wrote.

(Reuters)

開發中國家近三分之一動物物種生存受到威脅,可能與製造業商品以及諸如糖、咖啡和可可等原物料的全球貿易有關,研究人員六月六日說。

旨在遏制威脅物種的政策,應將導致土地退化的當地生產商,和從以犧牲(動物)棲息地為代價的產品中受益的外國消費者,都納入考慮範圍,這項由雪梨大學進行的研究指出。

研究稱:「排除入侵物種,我們發現百分之三十的物種生存受到威脅是因為國際貿易。」這項研究發表在六月七日的《自然》期刊上。

研究發現,蜘蛛猴因棲息地減少,生存受到威脅,與墨西哥和中美洲的咖啡和可可種植,並將產品銷往國外有關。

美國、歐盟和日本是威脅物種生存原物料的主要目的地,而印尼和馬來西亞都是這些商品最大出口國之一。

研究者表示:「為了因應生物多樣性的流失,針對生產商、貿易商和消費者的政策必須齊頭並進。」

(路透/翻譯:陳成良)

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. commodity n.

商品 (shang1 pin3)

例: Global commodity prices are climbing.

(全球商品價格正在攀升。)

2. take … into account v. phr.

納入考慮 (na4 ru4 kao3 lu4)

例: Some consumers don’t take into account the actual source of the pirated goods.

(有些消費者並不把仿冒品的真實來源列入考慮。)

3. at the expense of prep. phr.

以…為代價 (yi3 … wei2 dai4 jia4)

例: She completed the work at the expense of her health.

(她不惜以健康為代價,完成了工作。)


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