Thu, Aug 09, 2012 - Page 10 News List

La dolce vita not so sweet amid rising poverty
貧窮加劇 義大利甜美生活不再那麼甜

Cherry tomatoes sit on a display of spaghetti at Campo de Fiori market in Rome, Italy on July 23.
這張七月二十三日攝於義大利羅馬Campo de Fior市場的是,展示於義大利麵條上的小番茄。

Photo: Bloomberg
照片:彭博社

Life is no longer so sweet in the land of “la dolce vita,” with a report finding that more than 11 percent of Italian families now live in relative poverty.

Eight million Italians, out of a population of 60 million, are struggling to make ends meet, according to Istat, the national statistics agency, on July 17.

Of those, 3.4 million are living in absolute poverty, representing 5.7 percent of the population, up from 5.2 percent in 2010. The problem is worst in the sun-baked south, where one in four families now live below the poverty line.

The technocrat government of Mario Monti is implementing wide-ranging economic reforms to try to tackle the country’s 1.9 trillion euro (NT$70 trillion) national debt, including raising taxes and cutting public services.

The Monti government hopes to cut spending by 25 billion euros in the next three years, as it tries to rein in the euro zone’s second highest public debt.

As businesses struggle to survive or fail altogether, the overall level of unemployment has surpassed 10 percent, while among young people aged 15 to 24 it has reached 35 percent.

(Liberty Times)

報告顯示,有超過百分之十一的義大利家庭相對貧窮,在這塊「甜美生活」的土地上,生活不再如此甜美。

義大利國家統計局Istat七月十七日表示,全國六千萬人口中,有八百萬人勉強收支平衡。

其中有三百四十萬人屬於絕對貧窮,佔總人口百分之五點七,超過二○一○年的百分之五點二。最嚴重的地區為陽光普照的義大利南部,有四分之一家庭處於貧窮線以下。

莫提所組的技術官僚政府正實施範圍廣泛的經濟改革,試圖處理該國一點九兆歐元(新台幣七十兆元)的國債,手段包括增稅、削減公共服務。

莫提政府希望能在未來三年內減少兩百五十億歐元的支出,控制住歐元區第二高的公共債務。

當企業掙扎求生或集體倒閉時,義大利的整體失業率已超越百分之十,十五至二十四歲的年輕人失業率達到百分之三十五。

(自由時報/翻譯:陳維真)

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. make ends meet v. phr.

收支平衡 (shou1 zhi1 ping2 heng2)

例: They were finding it hard to make ends meet.

(他們發現要收支平衡很困難。)

2. technocrat n.

技術專家官員 (ji4 shu4 zhuan1 jia1 guan1 yuan2)

例: Egypt’s President Morsi is seeking to form a technocrat government that will be able to implement his programs and polices.

(埃及總統穆希尋求組成技術官僚政府,能夠施行他的計畫與政策。)

3. rein in v. phr.

控制 (kong4 zhi4)

例: The government has failed to rein in public spending.

(政府無法控制公共支出。)


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