Mon, Jan 10, 2011 - Page 15 News List

Americans think their diet healthy, poll shows it’s not
美國人自許飲食健康 但調查不以為然

This August 2009 filed photo shows two overweight women walk at the 61st Montgomery County Agricultural Fair in Gaithersburg, Maryland.
這張攝於二零零九年八月美國馬里蘭州蓋瑟斯堡第六十一屆蒙哥馬利郡農業市集的檔案照片,是兩位體重過重的女士。

PHOTO: AFP 照片:法新社

Nine in 10 Americans say their diet is healthy but only a quarter limit the amount of fat or sugar they eat, and two-thirds don’t eat enough fruit and ve-getables, a poll published on Jan. 4 found.

“Americans tend to give themselves high marks for healthy eating, but when we asked how many sugary drinks, fatty foods, and fruits and veggies they consumed, we found that their definition of healthy eating was questionable,” said Nancy Metcalf of Consumer Reports Health, which conducted the poll.

Of the 1,234 American adults polled, 89.7 percent said their diet was “somewhat” (52.6 percent), “very” (31.5 percent), or “extremely” healthy (5.6 percent.)

But 43 percent of the survey respondents said they drank at least one sugary soda or other sweetened drink every day, and just one in four said they limited sweets, sugars or fats in their diet, the poll conducted in early November, last year found.

Four in 10 Americans said they ate “pretty much everything” or “mostly everything” that they wanted, the poll found.

Few count calories or weigh themselves, but when they were asked to self-report their weight, four in 10 were off-track.

A third said they were at a healthy weight when they actually had a body mass index (BMI) of an overweight or obese person, while eight percent thought they were overweight or obese, but their BMIs suggested they were not.

One in three US adults is obese, and losing weight is the second most popular new year’s resolution this year after quitting smoking, according to a poll published last week by the Marist College Institute for Public Opinion.

Three in 10 Americans surveyed by Consumer Reports said they eat five or more servings of fresh fruit or vegetables daily, as recommended by health officials.

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. consume v.

攝取 (she4 qu3)

例: A report showed that most people do not consume enough fruits and vegetables.

(一份報告顯示,大部分的人蔬果攝取不足。)

2. overweight adj.

過重的 (guo4 zhong4 de5)

例: Overweight people are prone to chronic diseases.

(體重過重的人容易罹患慢性疾病。)

3. excuse n.

藉口 (jie4 kou3)

例: There is no excuse for being late.

(遲到就遲到,不要找藉口。)


When they were asked why they didn’t eat more ve-getables, the most common reason given by the poll respondents was that they thought they consumed enough already.

The next most commonly cited reason for not eating the recommended amount of veggies was that they are hard to store or spoil too quickly -- an excuse given by 29 percent of Americans.

Seventeen percent said someone in their household didn’t like vegetables, the same number said vegetables take too long to prepare or are too difficult to prepare, and 14 percent said fresh vegetables are too expensive.

Thirteen percent said, quite simply, they don’t like ve-getables.

(AFP)

一月四日公布的調查結果指出,每十位美國人中有九位自認為飲食習慣健康,但僅四分之一的人控制脂肪或糖分攝取,二分之三的人蔬果攝取不足。

調查主辦單位《消費者健康報導》(Consumer Reports Health)的南西‧麥卡夫指出:「美國人在健康飲食習慣上往往給自己高分評價,不過當我們詢問他們攝取多少含糖飲料、高脂食物和蔬果時,發現他們對健康飲食的定義大有問題。」

在接受調查的一千兩百三十四名美國成人中,百分之八十九點七表示他們的飲食「稍微」(百分之五十二點六)、「非常」(百分之三十一點五)和「極為」(百分之五點六)健康。

不過去年十一月初進行的這項調查發現,百分之四十三的受訪者回答每天至少飲用一罐含糖汽水或其他加糖飲料,只有四分之一表示會控制飲食中的甜食、糖分和脂肪的攝取。

調查顯示,每十位美國人中有四位表示,「幾乎所有」或「多數」他們喜歡的食物都吃。

受訪者幾乎都未計算攝取的熱量或測量自己的體重,不過被要求提報自己體重時,每十人中有四人謊報。

三分之一受訪者自認體重在健康範圍內,但實際上,他們的身體質量指數(BMI)已顯示過重或肥胖;不過自認為過重或肥胖者中,百分之八的BMI並未超標。

根據馬瑞思特學院公共意見研究所上週公佈的調查報告,三位美國成年人中就有一位是肥胖者,而減重被列為今年排名第二的熱門新年願望,僅次於戒菸。

美國《消費者報導》調查指出,十位美國人中就有三位說,依循衛生官員的建議,他們每日吃至少五種新鮮蔬果。

調查指出,當他們被問及為何蔬菜攝取不足,受訪者最常見的理由是,他們以為他們的攝取量已足夠了。

第二常見,也是百分之二十九受訪美國人蔬菜攝取不足的理由,就是蔬菜保存不易且容易腐爛。

有百分之十七的受訪者說家中有人不喜歡吃蔬菜,同樣百分比的人認為蔬菜食用準備耗時或不易,還有百分之十四的受訪者說,新鮮蔬菜太貴。

有百分之十三的受訪者直截了當地說,他們就是不愛吃蔬菜。

(法新社╱翻譯:林亞蒂)

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