A new species of monkey with an upturned nose that causes it to sneeze when it rains has been found in northern Myanmar, conservationists said last week.
The animal is almost entirely black with white tufts on its ear and chin, according to the wildlife organization Fauna & Flora International (FFI), whose primatologists were involved in the discovery.
The monkeys “display characteristics unlike any other snub-nosed species previously described,” it said.
Although the species is new to science, it is well known to locals who call it the “monkey with an upturned face.”
On rainy days they often sit with their heads tucked between their knees to avoid getting water in their upturned noses.
The monkeys are believed to spend the summer at higher altitudes in mixed temperate forests and descend closer to villages in winter when food in scarce.
Frank Momberg, FFI’s Asia Pacific regional program development coordinator, said interviews with local hunters suggested there were just 260-330 individuals, which would make it critically endangered.
The monkey inhabits an area in Kachin State that is geographically isolated from other species by the Mekong and the Salween rivers, which may explain why it has not been discovered earlier, FFI said.
Species of snub-nosed monkeys are found in parts of China and Vietnam and considered endangered. Conservationists say this is the first time species have been reported in Myanmar.
1. upturned adj.
面朝上的 (mien4 chao2 shang4 de5)
例: The sailor hung on to his upturned kayak for over an hour until rescuers arrived.
2. tuft n.
一簇 (yi2 cu4)
例: The chimp had a tuft of hair on its lower chin which made it easily identifiable.
3. scarce adj.
缺乏的 (que1 fa2 de5)
例: Water is still a scarce commodity in some parts of the world.
4. body mass index n.
身體質量指數 (shen1 ti3 shi2 liang4 zhi3 shu4)
例: If you body mass index approaches 30, you should think about losing some weight.