Sat, Feb 03, 2007 - Page 14 News List

Global trotting: Egypt 世界走透透 - 埃及

An aerial view of the Great Pyramids of Giza, south of the Egyptian capital Cairo.
位於埃及首都開羅南方的吉薩金字塔空照圖。 (照片:法新社)


An ancient culture, vast deserts, the Nile River and tremendous pyramids make Egypt a unique place. Come take a closer look at the Arab Republic of Egypt.


A closer look 說古論今

Egypt has one of the most long-standing histories of any country. People have lived in Egypt for at least ten thousand years and began settling around the Nile River to farm. By 6000BC well-organized agriculture and large-scale construction appeared. The first evidence of Egyptian writing, called hieroglyphics, dates from around 3200BC. Nearly 99 percent of Egyptians live on just 5.5 percent of the land, mostly along the Nile River. Egypt is very dry, getting just 20cm of rain every year. The most famous landmarks in Egypt are the three pyramids and Great Sphinx of Giza. For thousands of years, tourists have gone to see these marvels in the desert.

At the juncture of Africa, the Middle East, and Europe, Egypt is in a strategic position and has both influenced and been influenced by all three areas. Egypt is a major center of Islamic scholar-ship. Cairo, the capital of Egypt, is the largest city in Africa and the Middle East. The Egyptian economy depends heavily on the Nile River for farming and the Suez Canal for shipping. Tourism is also a major source of revenue.

Culturally, Egypt has had a big impact on the world. Egypt produces over a hundred movies a year, and it is often called the "Hollywood of the Middle East." Egyptian literature has had a major effect on Arabic literature throughout the Middle East. The most popular sport is soccer, though squash and tennis are also well liked.

(Jason Cox, staff writer)

About Egypt 國家概況

Size: 1 million km2, or about 28 times larger than Taiwan

Location: Africa

Border countries: Sudan, Israel, Libya

Capital: Cairo

Population: 78.8 million

Languages: Arabic

Government: Republic

Currency: 1 Egyptian pound = NT$5.7















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