Wed, Oct 25, 2006 - Page 15 News List

Addicted to the Internet 網路上癮

The United States could be full of Internet addicts as clinically ill as alcoholics, a study released last Tuesday suggested.

Researchers at Stanford University School of Medicine in Stanford, California, said their telephone survey showed that more than one in eight US residents showed at least one sign of “problematic Internet use.”

The findings backed those of previous, less rigorous studies, according to the Stanford researchers.

Most disturbing was the discovery that some people hid their Internet surfing, or went online to cure foul moods in ways that are very similar to how alcoholics use alcohol, according to the study's lead author, Elias Aboujaoude.

“In a sense, they're using the Internet to self-medicate,” Aboujaoude said. “And obviously something is wrong when people go out of their way to hide their Internet activity.”

According to research, the typical Internet addict is a single, college-educated white male in his 30s, who spends approximately 30 hours a week on non-essential computer use.

Stanford researchers interviewed 2,513 adults in a nationwide household survey. Because Internet addiction has not been clinically defined as a medical condition, study questions were based on established addiction disorders.

Research indicated that nearly 14 percent of the respondents found it difficult to stay away from the Internet for several days and that slightly more than 12 percent often remained online longer than expected.

More than eight percent of the people surveyed said they hid “non-essential” Internet use from family, friends or employers and nearly the same number went online to flee from real-world problems.

Nearly six percent of the respondents felt that their personal relationships suffered due to their excessive Internet use.(AFP)

Today's Words 今天單字

1. clinically adv.

臨床上地 (lin2 chuang2 shang4 di5)

例: My friend was in the hospital because she was clinically depressed.

(我的朋友因為臨床上的憂鬱症而住院。)

2. problematic adj.

有問題的 (you3 wen4 ti2 de5)

例: Don't you find the fact that women still earn far less money than men to be problematic?

(你不覺得女性收入仍遠比男性少的這個事實有問題嗎?)

3. rigorous adj.

嚴格的 (yan2 ge2 de5),嚴密的 (yan2 mi4 de5)

例: I hope you're prepared for the army's rigorous training.

(我希望你做好接受軍隊嚴格訓練的準備。)

4. excessive adj.

過度的 (guo4 du4 de5)

例: Isn't three presents for your boyfriend a little excessive?


上週二公布的一份研究顯示,美國可能充斥網路成癮者,他們在臨床病理上就有如酒精中毒者一樣。

加州史丹佛大學醫學院的研究人員指出,他們的電話民調顯示八位美國居民中就有一位以上出現至少一種「網路使用不當」的跡象。

史丹佛的研究人員表示,這些結果支持了先前較不精確的研究。

這份研究的主導作者艾莉亞絲.阿布賈德表示,這份研究最引人憂心的就是發現部分民眾有隱瞞上網的情形,或上網治療壞心情的方式與酒精中毒者飲酒相似。

「一方面來說,他們用網路來自我治療,」阿布賈德說︰「當人們千方百計隱瞞自己上網的行為時,顯然有問題。」

根據研究,典型的網路成癮者是大學畢業的三十多歲單身白人男性,每週約花三十個小時在非必要的電腦操作上。

史丹佛研究人員在全美戶口調查時訪談了兩千五百一十三名成年人。由於網路成癮在臨床上並未被定義為一種醫學狀況,調查中問的問題都是基於已成立的成癮症狀。

研究顯示,將近14%的受訪者很難好幾天不上網,略高於12%的受訪者上網時間通常比預計久。

逾8%的受訪者表示他們對家人、朋友或雇主隱瞞自己「非必要」的上網情形,而上網來逃避真實世界煩惱的人數也差不多。

將近6%的受訪者感到自己因過度上網,讓人際關係變糟。

(法新社/翻譯:賴美君)

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