Sat, Oct 21, 2006 - Page 14 News List

Globe trotting - Uzbekistan 世界走透透:烏茲別克

 Uzbekistan is one of the most historically relevant countries in central Asia. The Silk Road passed through its deserts and cities. It has relics dating back to The Stone Age and a number of religious sites of significance. It is also reputed to be the the land where The 1001 Nights took place.

 烏茲別克是中亞最具歷史意義的國家之一。絲路穿越境內的沙漠與城市。烏茲別克擁有石器時代的歷史遺跡,也有許多重要的宗教聖地。這個國家也以一千零一夜故事的所在地聞名。

 

A closer look 說古論今

Uzbekistan is a curious blend of the ancient and the relatively recent. A former part of the Soviet Union on the one hand, its capital city Tashkent boasts Soviet-style modern architecture and lavish subway stations, some even adorned with chandeliers. On the other hand the Old Town is a charming tangle of narrow winding streets lined with low level mudbrick houses and interspersed with mosques and meddresses. Russian is still widely used alongside the national language, Uzbek.

One of the most amazing things about the country is the sheer variety that it has to offer -- from adventure tours to religious pilgrimages, Uzbekistan seems to have it all. There are sites of religious significance for followers of Buddism, Christianity, Islam, Judaism and Zoroastrian (Parsi) existing side by side. You may go skiing in the Tien-Shan Mountains, or trekking across the mountains and valleys of the Hindu Kush. You can ride camels in the desert along the old Silk Road and sleep over in Yurts. You can gaze up at the Milky Way from the middle of the desert or visit the ruins of the ancient Ulug Beg observatory in Samarkand .

The Uzbecs are known for their hospitality and curiousity. Much time is spent socializing in teahouses, called chaikhana, where locals sip tea and set the world right. Trips to the busy bazaars afford a look at the still thriving traditions of haggling and Uzbek cusine.

About Uzbekistan 國家概況

Size: 447,400 km2, about 12 times the size of Taiwan

Location: Central Asia, north of Afganistan.

Borders: Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan

Capital: Tashkent

Population: About 27 million.

Languages: Uzbek (national) Russian (defacto)

Government: Republic; authoritarian presidential rule.

Currency: One Som is about NT$0.03, so 1NT$ is about 37 Som面積︰四十四萬七千四百平方公里,約為台灣的十二倍大。

位置︰中亞,阿富汗北部

鄰國︰阿富汗、哈薩克斯坦、吉爾吉斯、塔吉克、土庫曼

首都︰塔什干

人口︰約二千七百萬人

語言︰烏茲別克語(官方語言)、俄語(常用

政體︰共和政體;總統集權制

貨幣︰一索姆約等於新台幣零點零三元,新台幣一元約等於三十七索母。


烏茲別克巧妙地融合古老與現代。首都塔什干是前蘇聯的一部分,驕傲展現了蘇維埃風格的現代建築以及華麗的地下鐵車站,有些甚至還裝飾著水晶吊燈。此外,舊城迷人的風貌遍布狹窄蜿蜒的街道,排列著地勢低矮的泥磚屋,並有清真寺與美麗的學院建築點綴其間。俄語仍然廣泛地與官方語言烏茲別克語並用。

烏茲別克最讓人嘆為觀止的,就是它不得不展現的純粹多元——從探險旅程到宗教朝聖之旅似乎都一應俱全。境內散落著重要的宗教聖地,佛教、基督教、伊斯蘭教、猶太教與瑣羅亞斯德教的信徒相容共存。你可以在天山山脈滑雪,或翻山越領穿越興都庫什河谷。你也可以在沙漠中沿著古老絲路騎駱駝,在草原包內沉睡,從沙漠中遙望銀河,或參觀位於撒馬爾罕的古老兀魯伯格天文台遺跡。烏茲別克人一向以好客殷勤與好奇心聞名,把時間大多花在當地人稱為「chaikhana」的茶館社交,在此品茗並談論事情。到繁忙的市集參觀時,值得看看普遍的討價還價傳統與烏茲別克的飲食。

(翻譯:賴美君)

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