Tue, Oct 17, 2006 - Page 13 News List

Northern Taiwan's volcanos 北台灣的火山

Qixing Mountain, part of the volcanic Datan Mountain Range.大屯火山群中的七星山 (照片:陽明山國家公園管理處提供)

PHOTO COURTESY OF YAMINGSHAN NATIONAL PARK HEADQUARTERS

Have you ever been to Yangmingshan National Park? Did you know that many of the mountains there are volcanos?

A volcano is made where a gap in the earth lets out very, very hot melted rock called magma.

When the magma comes out onto the earth it is called lava. Lava can be very thick and run slowly, like honey, or it can be very thin and run quickly, like soda.

There are volcanos all over the world. Not all volcanos look like mountains, but a lot of them do. There are also volcanos under the sea.

It's been 100,000 years since the volcanos in Yangminshan (the Datan Mountains) last let out lava. When this happens it is called an eruption.

The mountains may look peaceful now but there is still a lot happening far underground. Scientists said last week that there is still a lot of magma under the mountains.

Don't worry too much though. The scientists can warn us if an eruption is going to happen. They will know about it because the plants and animals nearby will get sick.

(Catherine Thomas, staff writer)

你去過陽明山國家公園嗎?你知道那裡的山有許多是火山嗎?

火山是由地底裂縫所噴發的炙熱岩漿所組成。

當岩漿從地底噴發出來時,就稱為熔岩。熔岩可能像蜂蜜一樣濃稠、流動緩慢;也可能像汽水一樣稀淡、快速流動。

世界各地都有火山。並非所有火山看起來都像山脈一樣,但有很多都是如此。也有海底火山。

陽明山(大屯火山群)距上次噴發熔岩已有十萬年之久。當這種事發生時,稱為「火山爆發」。

這些山脈現在也許看起來平和,但深遠的地底下仍有許多變動。科學家上週指出,陽明山底下仍然有許多岩漿。

不過別太擔心。假如火山快爆發了,科學家會警告我們。當附近的動植物枯萎生病時,科學家就得知警訊了。(翻譯:賴美君)

Today's Words 今天單字

1. volcano n.

火山 (huo3 shan1)

例: There are many volcanos under the sea near Taiwan.

(台灣附近的海域底下有許多火山。)

2. magma n.

岩漿 (yan2 jiang1)

例: Magma is extremely hot.

(岩漿相當炙熱。)

3. lava n.

熔岩 (rong2 yan2)

例: People have seen ash and smoke coming from the volcano, but luckily there hasn't been any sign of lava.

(人們看見火山噴發塵煙,不過幸運的是,沒有任何熔岩跡象。)


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