Mon, Aug 21, 2006 - Page 14 News List

Silky and strong 細柔強韌

A spider sits on its web in a field in Dobrogea, Romania.
羅馬尼亞多布羅加台地野外,一隻蜘蛛在自己的絲網上棲息。 (照片:法新社)

PHOTO: AFP

It's not easy to be a spider. Scorpions have a deadly sting and mosquitoes can always fly away when they are scared, hungry or under attack. Spiders don't have a stinging tail or wings to help them to get food or stay safe.

They do, however, have something much cooler. Spiders can make silk! The silk is made in parts of their bodies called spinnerets. Some spiders use this silk to build webs.

There are many kinds of spiders and there are also many kinds of webs. Many of these webs are used by spiders to capture and hold their prey. The silk is thin and very hard to see from far away. Insects often fly into the webs without ever knowing what has happened.

But even though it is thin, the silk is also very strong and it holds the insect tightly until the spider is ready to eat it.

It may not be as easy as going to McDonald's or hot pot every time you are hungry, but it's a very cool and interesting way to get your dinner.(Lynn Steger, Staff Writer)

當蜘蛛可不簡單。蠍子有致命的毒刺,而蚊子只要受到驚嚇、飢餓或遭到攻擊都可以振翅遠飛,可是蜘蛛沒有尾刺,也沒有翅膀幫牠們覓食或保命。

不過,蜘蛛所使用的工具酷多了,牠們會吐絲!蜘蛛體內有吐絲器會製造蜘蛛絲,有些蜘蛛就以這種絲來織網。

蜘蛛有許多品種,蜘蛛網也是各不相同,蜘蛛多半用絲網捕捉並抓牢獵物。蜘蛛絲很細,從遠處很難看見。昆蟲通常飛進網子還不知道發生了什麼事。

不過蜘蛛絲雖然細,卻非常堅韌,可將昆蟲緊緊綑牢直到蜘蛛準備進食。

這可能不像你肚子餓就可以去麥當勞或去吃火鍋那樣容易,卻是非常酷又有趣的尋覓晚餐的方式。

(翻譯︰鄭湘儀)

Today's Words 今天單字

1. capture v.t.

捕捉 (bu3 zhuo1)

例: Soldiers from a different country captured the king and held him in jail.

(外國士兵抓住了國王,將他關進牢裡。)

2. prey n.

獵物 (lie4 wu4)

例: Eagles have good eyes so that they can see their prey from far away.

(老鷹有好眼力,能從遠方看見獵物。)

3. insect n.

昆蟲 (kun1 chong2)

例: Kara is afraid of insects even though they are all very small and most of them will not hurt her.

(卡拉害怕昆蟲,儘管牠們都很小,而且多半不會傷害她。)


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