Sat, Feb 23, 2019 - Page 1 News List

Treaty no guarantee against war: Su

HISTORY LESSON:The premier cited the 1938 Munich Agreement as an example of a peace agreement that failed to keep its signatories from going to war with each other

By Sean Lin and Stacy Hsu  /  Staff reporters

Premier Su Tseng-chang speaks to reporters at the Legislative Yuan in Taipei yesterday.

Photo: Chien Jung-fong, Taipei Times

Noting that a peace treaty between the UK and Germany in 1938 did not prevent the two from going to war, Premier Su Tseng-chang (蘇貞昌) yesterday said that people should “heed history’s lessons and not repeat its mistakes.”

Su made the remark at the Legislative Yuan when asked for comment on the Chinese Nationalist Party’s (KMT) accusation on Thursday that by refusing to sign a cross-strait peace agreement, the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) is “courting war and rejecting peace.”

“The KMT’s tone resembled that of [former British prime minister Neville] Chamberlain before he flew to Berlin and signed the agreement with Adolf Hitler,” Su said. “[Chamberlain] proudly brandished the agreement as he disembarked his airplane, only to see Hitler wage a war later.”

Su was referring to the Munich Agreement spearheaded by Chamberlain in 1938 and signed by the UK, France, Italy and Nazi Germany, which pressed then-Czechoslovakia into ceding the Sudetenland.

Hitler at the time said that the Sudetenland was the last territorial claim he was to make in Europe, only to renege on the agreement and invade the rest of Czechoslovakia in 1939.

Within a year, Britain and France were at war with Germany.

Under the leadership of former British prime minister Winston Churchill, the UK fought long and hard before winning World War II, Su said, urging people to learn from history and not repeat its mistakes.

The KMT on Thursday posted on Facebook five questions it deemed most frequently asked about a possible cross-strait peace treaty and their answers.

One asked why the DPP is afraid of signing a peace treaty with Beijing.

“The DPP has to cover up for its incompetence and helplessness in maintaining cross-strait peace,” it said. “Does the DPP not want peace and only want war?”

Another asked what would be the guiding principles for inking such an agreement, which the KMT said would be signed under the precondition that the “sovereignty and dignity of the Republic of China are protected” and would conform with the Act Governing Relations Between the People of the Taiwan Area and the Mainland Area (臺灣地區與大陸地區人民關係條例).

Another asked whether the KMT, in its capacity as a political party, would sign a peace agreement with the Chinese Communist Party, to which the KMT said that only groups authorized by the government would be allowed to negotiate and sign such an agreement.

Regarding the need for referendums before negotiations and after the conclusion of talks, the KMT said that it did not rule out such a possibility.

“However, proposed amendments requiring a cross-strait peace treaty to be put to a referendum must be feasible and receive widespread public support,” it said.

The Executive Yuan earlier this week proposed amendments to the act, which would require a negotiation proposal to be approved by two-thirds of lawmakers, as well as a consultative referendum.

The draft amendments say that after the completion of negotiations, the draft agreement would require a vote by a quorum of at least three-quarters of the legislature and approval by three-quarters of legislators in attendance, before being put to a national referendum.

Regarding the question of whether a cross-strait peace treaty would be an agreement for “surrender or unification,” as some have claimed, the KMT said that such an association was the result of an attempt by the DPP and administration officials to stigmatize any deal.

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