Building on US President Donald Trump’s “Indo-Pacific” strategy, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo yesterday announced US$113 million in new regional investments focused on technology, energy and infrastructure.
A senior US official said the investments were not aimed at countering China’s Belt and Road Initiative, which consists of mostly state-led infrastructure projects linking Asia, parts of Africa and Europe.
“These funds represent just a down payment on a new era in U.S. economic commitment to peace and prosperity in the Indo-Pacific region,” Pompeo said a speech to the US Chamber of Commerce.
He said he would visit Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia this week, where he would also announce new security assistance in the region.
Pompeo said the US “will oppose any country” which seeks to dominate the region in what appeared to be a reference to Beijing amid heightened tensions in the South China Sea.
“Like so many of our Asian allies and friends, our country fought for its own independence from an empire that expected deference,” Pompeo said.
“We thus have never and will never seek domination in the Indo-Pacific, and we will oppose any country that does,” he added.
Countries in the region have been worried by Trump’s “America first” policy, withdrawal from the Trans Pacific Partnership trade deal, and pursuit of a trade conflict with China that threatens to disrupt regional supply chains.
The US first outlined its strategy to develop the Indo-Pacific economy at a summit last year.
“Indo-Pacific” has become known in diplomatic circles as shorthand for a broader and democratic-led region in place of “Asia-Pacific,” which from some perspectives had authoritarian China too firmly at its center.
Among the new investments outlined by Pompeo, the US will invest US$25 million to expand US technology exports to the region, add nearly US$50 million this year to help countries produce and store their energy resources, and create a new assistance network to boost infrastructure development.
Speaking to reporters ahead of the speech, Brian Hook, senior policy adviser to Pompeo, said the US was not competing with China’s mostly state-led infrastructure initiatives.
“It is a made-in-China, made-for-China initiative,” Hook told reporters on a conference call. “Our way of doing things is to keep the government’s role very modest and it’s focused on helping businesses do what they do best.”
Critics of Beijing’s Belt and Road Initiative, which aims to recreate the ancient Silk Road, say it is more about spreading Chinese influence and hooking countries on massive debts.
Hook said Washington “welcomed” Chinese contributions to regional development, but it wanted China to adhere to international standards on transparency, the rule of law and sustainable financing.
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