Hundreds of Iranians cheered Iranian President Hassan Rouhani on his return from New York yesterday after his historic telephone call with US President Barack Obama, but a smaller number of hardliners shouted “Death to America” and threw eggs and shoes at his official car leaving the airport, Iranian media reported.
While an anticipated handshake between Rouhani and Obama at UN headquarters failed to materialize, they held a 15-minute call on Friday at the end of the moderate new Iranian president’s trip for the UN General Assembly.
Iranian media said hundreds of Rouhani supporters keen to see him make good on pledges of “constructive interaction” with the world to ease Iran’s international isolation and get punitive sanctions lifted turned up to hail his UN visit.
However, about 100 conservative hardliners also appeared and, shouting the “Death to America” slogan common since the 1979 Islamic Revolution, pelted his official car with eggs and stones in protest at Rouhani’s diplomatic opening toward Washington, according to witness reports posted on Twitter.
The semi-official Mehr news agency ran pictures of groups of protesters holding up a “Death to America” placard and banging the sides of Rouhani’s limousine as it began to depart the airport. Mehr said one protester threw his shoes at the car, a gesture of deep insult in the Islamic faith.
There has been little reaction so far from Iran’s political leaders, but one senior parliamentarian tentatively welcomed Rouhani’s conversation with Obama as a sign of the Islamic Republic’s “position of authority.”
“This [telephone call] shows that Iran’s place in the world is of critical importance. That the president of the US insists on a telephone call is a sign of sincerity,” Mehr quoted the head of parliament’s committee for national security and foreign affairs, Alaeddin Boroujerdi, as saying yesterday.
The Iranian currency, the rial, climbed against the dollar on the open market by around 2 percent following the landmark telephone call.
Rouhani was elected with a landslide majority in June, buoyed by many voters keen for steps towards moderation and reform after eight years of intensifying repression at home and isolation abroad under hardline predecessor Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
Although new high-level contacts with US officials at the UN were unlikely to have happened without the approval of Iran’s clerical Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the polarized reactions on Rouhani’s return hinted at the challenge he faces in getting hardliners, especially in the powerful security elite, behind his conciliatory approach.
US officials said the telephone call — which concentrated on how to resolve the standoff over Iran’s nuclear program — was requested by the Iranian side, but in comments to journalists after his return, Rouhani indicated it was a US initiative.
The telephone contact signaled a striking shift in tone between Iran and Washington, which cut diplomatic relations a year after the revolution ousted US-allied Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and led to the US Embassy hostage crisis.
Before leaving the airport, Rouhani told journalists that contrary to reports in Western media he had not refused a meeting with Obama earlier in the week, but there was insufficient time to coordinate it.
“To have a meeting between the presidents of these two countries there are many necessary steps. If this meeting had been compressed into the program, it would have been premature,” the official news agency IRNA quoted him as saying.