China is to open disputed South China Sea islands up to tourism this month, Chinese state media reported yesterday, a move likely to inflame a long-running territorial row with its neighbors.
The plans to allow tourists to visit the Paracel Islands (Xisha Islands, 西沙群島) before the May Day holiday is the latest stage in Beijing’s development of the territory, which has previously angered Vietnam and caused concern in Washington.
Vietnam and China have a longstanding territorial row over the Paracel Islands, which are also claimed by Taiwan.
Hanoi last month accused a Chinese vessel of firing on one of its fishing boats which had sailed in disputed waters in the area.
The plan to allow cruise tours follows rapid development of infrastructure in a new city — Sansha (三沙) — along with the establishment of an army garrison on one of the Paracels last year.
Tourists can only visit the islands on cruise ships as the hotels and other facilities are inadequate, Xinhua news agency said, citing Tan Li (譚力), executive vice governor of Hainan Province.
Tan was speaking on Saturday at the Boao Forum for Asia, which is being held in Hainan.
The report quoted shipbuilder Haihang Group Corp as saying its cruise ship was ready to take about 2,000 passengers on a tour of the islands.
A second cruise ship was being built by Hainan Harbor and Shipping Holdings Co, the report added.
“The tour prices will be relatively high due to the high costs of tourism infrastructure construction,” Hainan-based tour agency general manager Huang Huaru told Xinhua.
Tan said local authorities would build more supply ships and ports, and beef up the infrastructure in Sansha.
The city was established last summer to administer more than 200 islets, sandbanks and reefs in the South China Sea, which also include the Spratly Islands (Nansha Islands, 南沙群島) and Macclesfield Bank (Zhongsha Islands, 中沙群島).
All the territory within the 2 million square kilometers of waters under Sansha’s “control” is disputed.
The South China Sea is also home to vital shipping lanes and substantial proven and estimated oil and gas deposits.
Located on Woody Island (Yongxing Island, 永興島), Sansha is home to about 1,000 people, mainly involved in the fishing industry. Residents of China’s newest city rely on ships for fresh water and other materials. The Paracels’ only hotel, which has 56 rooms, is also on the island.
Inhabitants have access to a bank and a supermarket, photographs on the Internet show.
There is a library painted in a salmon-colored hue and a basketball court shaded by palm trees.
Other pictures depict people relaxing in hammocks outside their modest dwellings.
China has occupied the Paracels since a brief war with then-South Vietnam in 1974. It is a cluster of about 40 islets, sandbanks and reefs.
Taiwan, the Philippines, Brunei and Malaysia all have rival claims to parts of the South China Sea, while the US is also watching Beijing’s increased assertiveness.
In his address opening China’s National People’s Congress last month, former Chinese premier Wen Jiabao (溫家寶) said Beijing should “develop the marine economy ... and safeguard China’s maritime rights and interests.”