After the talks, a senior Israeli official accused Obama of raising “unreasonable expectations” that could set the peace process back “dozens of years” by seeking a Middle East deal based on the 1967 borders.
“We had to put our foot down,” he added.
Analysts said Obama became the first president to specifically state that the 1967 borders should be the basis for peace negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians, shut down over a settlements row last year.
However, they also warned that statement could cost him support during next year’s elections among Jewish and pro-Israel voters.
“A lot of Democrats are not going to agree with this and a lot of Democrats are not going to be Democratic in the voting booth,” New York political strategist Hank Sheinkopf said.
Obama is scheduled today to address the powerful Israel lobby, the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC), before heading off on a weeklong trip to Europe.
Netanyahu will also speak to AIPAC and will make a joint address to US Congress next week, encouraged by Republican leaders who support his position.