Henry Kissinger used his historic meeting with Prime Minister Zhou Enlai (
The account of the meeting in the newly-released documents contradicts the one that Kissinger published in his memoirs.
The documents also indicate that the administration of former US president Richard Nixon was determined to withdraw from Vietnam -- even unilaterally, and even if it led to the overthrow of the government of South Vietnam.
The documents, which were released Wednesday by the National Security Archive, an independent research group, include the transcript of the meeting on July 9, 1971, in which Kissinger, then the national security adviser, pledged that the US would not support independence for Taiwan.
The two documents were among 41 recently-declassified documents released by the private, nonprofit organization relating to communications between the US and China that led to Nixon's visit to China 30 years ago this month.
In the first volume of Kissinger's memoirs, The White House Years, published in 1979, he gave the impression that the purpose of the crucial meeting was not to allay tension between the two countries on subjects like Taiwan.
Rather, he wrote, it was "to discuss fundamentals."
He added, "Precisely because there was little practical business to be done, the element of confidence had to emerge from conceptual discussions."
Taiwan, he said, "was only mentioned briefly" during the crucial meeting.
The encounter was the first at such a high level between the US and China in almost 20 years and established a relationship of trust that paved the way for Nixon's historic trip to China in 1972 and for the eventual normalization of relations between the two countries.
"The document proves that what Kissinger writes in his memoirs about Taiwan being barely discussed is breathtakingly not true," said James Mann, senior writer in residence at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, and the author of About Face: A History of America's Curious Relationship With China From Nixon to Clinton.
"In the history of US-China relations, it always flew in the face of logic that Taiwan was not discussed."
Kissinger, reached by phone in London, acknowledged that his memoirs could have been interpreted as misleading.
"The way I expressed it was very unfortunate and I regret it," he said. "But we were still recognizing the Taiwan government. We had to get some statements of principle within which we could get into other issues. That was the intention."
The first third of the meeting was consumed by Taiwan, the documents show. Zhou clearly stated that in order for relations to be established between the US and China, the US must recognize that China "is the sole legitimate government in China" and that Taiwan is "an inalienable part of Chinese territory that must be restored to the motherland."
Kissinger pledged that the US would withdraw two-thirds of its troops from Taiwan -- all those involved in the Vietnam war -- when the war was over. "As for the political future of Taiwan," Kissinger said, "we are not advocating a `two Chinas' solution or a `one China, one Taiwan' solution."