Thu, Sep 05, 2019 - Page 14 News List

Charging ahead?

India’s electric car revolution faces bumps

By Sujit Chakraborty  /  Thomson Reuters Foundation, New Delhi

An Indian rickshaw puller last month wades through a water logged street after monsoon rain in Guwahati, Assam, India.

photo: EPA

Paritosh Mitra, who drives a motorised rickshaw in Delhi, knows what he wants next and has saved 100,000 rupees (US$1,390) to get it: an electric rickshaw.

But he won’t buy one until it comes with all the basic features that he needs as a commercial driver. That includes a top speed of at least 40km per hour and convenient recharging.

“There are the e-rickshaws plying the streets now but they are battery operated and have very little speed, so it is of no use to us,” Mitra said.

“Also, they need six hours to charge the battery at home and with that they can only move about 50kms, whereas we need to move up to 150kms per day,” he said.

“We need charging points where machines can be charged in 15 minutes.”

He’s persuaded electric vehicles will cost less to run than using the current diesel or compressed natural gas as fuel — but he’s not making the switch just yet.

India’s government is pushing hard for a conversion to electric vehicles, to combat worsening pollution in cities and meet the country’s commitment to cut its climate changing emissions.

The nation’s transport minister in 2017 called for a full switch to electric vehicles by 2030 — something auto manufacturers have protested as too difficult, though the announcement also has ignited a rush to manufacturing everything from electric motorcycles to cars.

Last month, in the face of a backlash by Indian automotive giants, a government think tank indicated the electric vehicle switch may focus first on two-wheeled vehicles and motorised rickshaws, with a potential deadline as early as 2023.

The country’s transport minister also has suggested India may consider creating new highways reserved only for electric vehicles.

Still, for now, the road to a rapid switch to electric vehicles remains a bumpy one.


Among those most interested in new electric vehicles are drivers of Delhi’s ubiquitous motorised rickshaws, who hope the new vehicles could help them avoid rising fuel prices.

Families worried about air pollution — India has 15 of the most polluted cities in the world, including New Delhi — also are looking for alternatives.

And foreign automobile and tech companies see India’s more than a billion people as a potentially huge market for electric vehicles, charging stations, batteries and other tech needed for an electric vehicle future.

South Korea’s Hyundai Motor Company, for instance, committed US$250 million last December to build electric vehicles such as its Kona subcompact SUV in India over the next three years.

But some of India’s own auto manufacturing giants are worried about the switch.

In July, India’s government announced a tax revamp that would cut the cost of electric vehicles between 5 percent and 12 percent, and offer tax incentives for companies that install charging stations.

Some of the country’s auto industry leaders quickly led a delegation to the finance ministry to ask that the changes be rolled back, or that all vehicles be given the same break.

With buyers anticipating that electric vehicles will be mandatory, they said, their sales are slumping, with traditional fuel passenger car sales down 35 percent in July compared to a year ago.

That slowdown has meant the loss of 230,000 jobs, according to data from the Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers.

But the government said it had no plans to reduce taxes for traditional vehicles, fearing other big Indian industries could then ask for similar breaks.

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