Mon, Jul 22, 2019 - Page 8 News List

Modernizing ghosts and ghouls

Yao-Chi City is a must-see exhibition that presents Taiwan’s paranormal folk legends under the context of cutting-edge contemporary art

By Han Cheung  /  Staff reporter

Kent Chang and NARLabs, A-nger (detail, 2019).

Photo: Noah Buchan, Taipei Times

Can Taiwan’s paranormal legends become a pop culture trend? Or will classic tales such as Aunt Tiger (虎姑婆) give way to similar Western stories such as Little Red Riding Hood?

Author Ho Ching-yao (何敬堯) ponders this question in the introduction to his 2017 book Yaoguai Taiwan (妖怪台灣), a compendium of over 200 traditional and modern supernatural beings, creatures and events.

Judging from the meticulously curated exhibition, “Yao-Chi City: Taiwanese Paranormal Literature and Contemporary Art” (妖氣都市: 鬼怪文學與當代藝術特展), which includes several illustrations from Ho’s book by Chang Ki-ya (張季亞), the answer is yes.

Opening on Saturday last week at the Taiwan Contemporary Culture Lab (C-Lab), the multifaceted show focuses on the modern interpretations and applications of these legends and creatures, from sculptures, soundscapes and illustrations to motion comics, digital pop-up books and virtual reality (VR). The exhibition runs through Sept. 15 and will feature talks, performances and movie screenings over the next two months.

“We hope to help restore the paranormal to its former position of importance in Taiwanese culture,” write the curators.

Suppressed by the Japanese and Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) rulers for decades and further suffering from the onslaught of Western and Japanese pop culture, Taiwanese paranormal legends seem to be in vogue again. This is most evident from The Tag-Along (紅衣小女孩), a well-received movie franchise that featured Moxina (魔神仔), a mountain demon known to kidnap people. The series’ third film, released last year, explored the urban legend of the human-faced fish, which dates back to the early 1990s.

Yao-Chi City comes hot on the heels of the National Museum of Taiwan Literature’s Enchanted Taiwan — Ghouls and Goblins (魔幻鯤島—妖鬼奇譚) exhibition, which ended in February and focused on the nation’s literary ghouls and demons and their modern-day representations. This time, the museum takes the theme further by collaborating with C-Lab to put together a cutting-edge art show that will surely attract a wider range of visitors.

Exhibition Notes

What: Yao-Chi City: Taiwanese Paranormal Literature and Contemporary Art (妖氣都市: 鬼怪文學與當代藝術特展)

When: Tuesday to Sunday from 11am to 6pm, until Sept. 15

Where: Taiwan Contemporary Culture Lab (臺灣當代文化實驗場), 177, Jianguo S Rd Sec 1, Taipei City (臺北市建國南路一段177號)

Admission: Free

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As expected from the National Museum of Taiwan Literature, the exhibition is fully bilingual with impeccable English translations of the Chinese original. Context is important in something as culturally-specific as folk legends, and overall the descriptions explain the traditional inspiration and modern interpretations well. Some of the smaller text is hard to read due to the dim lighting, but otherwise it’s a well-thought out and executed journey that is easily navigable.

While literature remains the basis of the exhibition, that aspect is downplayed as the visuals and audio take center stage. Upon entering, the viewer is greeted by two eerie sculptures. A harrowing soundtrack inspired by Aboriginal shamans and tree spirits, and utilizing mostly natural sounds by Lee Ling-zi (李凌子), sets the tone. Small tear-off pads containing excerpts (in Chinese) from four featured novelists can be found throughout the exhibition, and there are also signs with author introductions as well as book samples — but that’s not what makes this exhibition so fascinating.

It’s the myriad ways that these creators incorporate the legends in their work that speaks to Ho’s original question about whether Taiwanese folklore can become a vital part of popular culture. Only about 30 percent of the pieces were commissioned, while the rest are drawn from existing projects. Yao-Chi City is an exemplary demonstration in how to keep traditions from fading — not by clinging to the past but by presenting them in a form that’s immediately relatable and of interest, especially to young people.

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