Mon, Nov 13, 2017 - Page 8 News List

Is Taiwan on the cusp of a ‘green’ revolution?

With a unique industrial development plan centered on alternative energy sources, the nation is set for the new energy era

By Justin Chou and John Mathews  /  Contributing reporters

Source: Taiwan Power Company

Since the election of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) government led by President Tsai Ing-wen (蔡英文), the goal of an energy transformation has been pursued vigorously.

The arresting feature of Taiwan’s “green” shift is that it is part of a comprehensive industrial strategy that sees new industries and innovation as the driver of the next phase of development. The aim is to shift the industrial base away from it’s traditional reliance on contract manufacturing and focus instead on higher value-added service and “green” oriented business models.


Tsai’s election campaign in late 2015 centered around the promotion of five “pillar industries” [to drive future growth] — the Internet of Things (also dubbed the Asian Silicon Valley), biotechnology, “green” energy, smart machinery and defense. Since taking office in January last year, the government’s strategy has morphed into the “five plus two” plan, encompassing the “new agricultural paradigm” and “circular economy” concepts. It has since broadened even further to include the “digital economy” and “cultural innovation” — but the name “five plus two” remains.

Taiwan is distinctive among industrial powers in its clear conception of linking “green” energy and wider economic goals with an industrial development strategy.

But problems in terms of “green” governance still exist. Complexities in approval processes mean that installing the new capacity for solar PV and wind power is time consuming. There are issues with implementing the medium-term solar and wind power goals, upgrading the grid to enhance stability and resilience as well as accommodating fluctuating power sources.


The most significant element of the shift is the phasing out of nuclear power. Nuclear-powered electricity generation has been sharply reduced from 400 terawatt-hours (TWh) in 2015 to 300 TWh last year, and with no new starts allowed, further reductions are anticipated with the goal of reaching level zero by 2025.

Aside from phasing out nuclear power, the government has also pursued a strong commitment to raising the contribution of alternative energy sources (such as water, wind and sun) to electric power generation.

In proportional terms, the contribution from these sources has risen from 4.8 percent in 2015 to 6.6 percent last year with a target of 20 percent by 2025. This is planned to come largely from the solar photovoltaic (PV) sector, expanded from a capacity of 1.3 gigawatts (GW) last year to 20 GW by 2025. Over the same period the capacity of wind power is to increase from 755 megawatts (MW) to 4,200 MW.

The level of coal is to be reduced from 45 percent to 30 percent of electricity generated by 2025, while gas is projected to peak at 50 percent in that same year.

The DPP government has an energy security policy commitment that focuses on natural gas as an interim bridging fuel while nuclear is wound back and alternative energy sources wound up — as is the case in Germany’s energy transformation program.

Data provided by Taiwan Power Co (Taipower) shows that the anticipated and probable generation levels in 2025, based on estimates of total generation of 2,400 TWh.

This is plausible if consumption growth is constrained by energy efficiency measures and direct solar PV generation expands.

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