For third-grade pupils at Triadelphia Ridge Elementary School in suburban Ellicott City, an hour’s drive from Washington, learning to write joined-up letters is a no-brainer.
“I like writing it sometimes. It’s kind of fun,” said Oren Dubensky after he and his fellow eight-year-olds mastered their first cursive letter — “I” — after six weeks of perfecting basic pencil strokes.
“It’s like, you don’t need to do normal letters anymore,” agreed classmate Sophia Spence. “You can do fancy letters, instead of just normal letters.”
But outside the classroom, grown-up Americans are debating whether the nation’s children should be studying cursive at all, in an era of swift and profound technological change.
Common Core, the kindergarten-to-high school standard curriculum shared by 45 of the 50 states (the outliers include Texas and Alaska), is silent on the subject of cursive, also known as longhand or joined-up writing.
It merely calls for the teaching of block-letter handwriting, as well as “keyboarding” — the skill formerly known as typing that many contend is far more relevant today than scrawling across a sheet of paper.
“In the United States, relatively few people use cursive,” said Morgan Polikoff, an assistant professor of education policy at the University of Southern California, who sees “no compelling reason” for cursive instruction to remain on the curriculum.
“In other countries, if everyone writes in cursive, it would make less sense to stop teaching it,” Polikoff told AFP by e-mail. “Here, cursive is already on the way out just via momentum, it seems to me.”
“Everyone is typing, everyone is texting, so cursive is kind of thought of as a lost art,” added Bernadette Lucas, principal of Melrose Avenue Elementary School in Los Angeles, where the school board is spending US$30 million to provide Apple iPads for its students.
Others worry that America could be, for the first time in its history, raising a generation that is unable to sign a check or read the Constitution in its original 18th-century handwritten form.
“This shouldn’t be happening here and now. We’re still using it in everyday things,” said North Carolina legislator Pat Hurley, main sponsor of a “back to basics” education law that mandates cursive instruction in the southern state.
Hurley felt prompted to act — “Democrats, Republicans, they all agreed,” she said — after she led a fourth-grade class from her district on a tour through the state house in Raleigh.
“Their teacher had them each write a thank-you letter on lined paper,” she told AFP. “Well, the teacher’s thank-you note was in cursive; the children’s notes were all printed. That’s when I first realized I didn’t think they were being taught.”
‘As your pen flows, so does your thinking’
Research by Laura Dinehart of Florida International University’s college of education in Miami indicates that four-year-olds with strong handwriting skills of any kind are more likely to excel in math and reading when they get to elementary school.
In Canada, a survey of 718 students and teachers in second-grade classrooms in the mainly French-speaking province of Quebec suggested that pupils who learn cursive do better in spelling and syntax thanks to better graphic-motor skills.
“A lot of people feel an emotional connection to cursive,” Dinehart told AFP in a telephone interview. “There is thinking that, as your pen flows on paper, so does your thinking.”