One of the most expensive reintroduction programs of all time, costing some US$35 million, brought North America’s largest land bird back from the brink of extinction. After a century of poaching, lead poisoning and habitat destruction, only 22 wild California condors remained in 1987. At first, captive-bred condors died by flying into power lines but they have since been trained to avoid them. A 2009 survey put the number of these condors living in the wild at 172.
Golden lion tamarin
There were fewer than 200 of these distinctive orange-maned monkeys in the 1970s because of destruction of their habitat, the Atlantic rainforests of Brazil. However, a vigorous reintroduction drive by the Golden Lion Tamarin Conservation Program has restored numbers so that the population in the wild now stands at more than 1,600.
PHOTO : AFP
The smallest member of the pig family, standing just 20cm to 30cm, this reclusive hog was believed to be extinct until 1971, when four individuals were recovered from a market in the northeast Indian state of Assam. As a result of intensive conservation efforts, their numbers in Assam and neighboring Bhutan are now back in the hundreds.
This elegant antelope had been hunted to extinction in the wild by the early 1970s but thanks to organizations such as the Phoenix Zoo, numbers roaming the Arabian peninsula now stand at around 1,100. Reintroduction was fraught with difficulties, particularly in Oman where poaching reduced the population to 50 by 2008, but a new breeding program in the United Arab Emirates give hope for the species.
The Taiwan of yesteryear was dominated in whole or in part by the Dutch, Spanish, Qing Empire and Japanese. But is the Taiwanese name for a popular edible fish derived from the Portuguese language? Cheng Wei-chung (鄭維中), an associate research fellow at Academia Sinica’s Institute of Taiwan History, says yes. The fish in question is the narrow-barred Spanish mackerel, which was listed in early 18th century Qing local gazetteers as Taiwanese specialities alongside milk fish and mullet, according to Cheng’s paper, “Mullet, narrow-barred Spanish mackerel and milkfish: Multiple contextual developments of three certified seafood specilaities in Taiwan, from the
Aug. 10 to Aug. 16 They called him the “No Problem Doctor” (沒關係醫生) because that’s what he always told his patients when they couldn’t pay up. Operating the only clinic in Changhua County’s Pusin Township (埔心) during the 1950s, Hsu Tsai-chih (許再枝) knew that life was difficult in his remote hometown. “They barely had enough to survive, so it was pointless to chase after them for the money,” an 81-year-old Hsu told the United Daily News in 2002. “I just went with the flow, some offered to pay me back years later but I had already forgotten
I didn’t expect to spend more than three minutes out of my car, yet the sun was so brutal I put on my hat before approaching the seawall. Beimen (北門) is the flattest and most sun-baked part of Tainan. It lacks trees and people. In wintertime, the weather is often delightful. It wasn’t yet mid-morning in the hot season, however, and I felt like a leaf shriveling in the desert. Atop the seawall but facing inland, I could see dozens of the rectangular ponds which account for a significant percentage of Beimen’s “land” area. Some, no doubt, were dug to produce
A widely criticized peer-reviewed study that measured the attractiveness of women with endometriosis has been retracted from the medical journal Fertility and Sterility. The study, “Attractiveness of women with rectovaginal endometriosis: a case-control study,” was first published in 2013 and has been defended by the authors and the journal in the intervening years despite heavy criticism from doctors, other researchers and people with endometriosis for its ethical concerns and dubious justifications, with one advocate calling the study “heartbreaking” and “disgusting.” The study’s conclusion was: “Women with rectovaginal endometriosis were judged to be more attractive than those in the two control groups.