August 1944 Anne Frank, the young Jewish girl whose journal of her life in hiding in Nazi-occupied Amsterdam made her a world-wide symbol for the Holocaust, was betrayed. Now, 60 years on, the question of who reported the Frank family to the Nazis remains unanswered. \nBetween 1942 and 1944 Anne Frank, her parents, older sister Margot and four other people hid in a small annex behind her father's office in the center of Amsterdam. In the cramped space Anne wrote of her daily life in hiding and her teenage fears and hopes. \nOn August 4, 1944, after somebody reported their presence to the Nazis, Anne and the others were deported. She died in Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in March 1945, aged 15, shortly before the camp was liberated by the Allies at the war's end. \nAfter the war, only Anne's father Otto returned from the camps. He got Anne's diary from a Dutch woman who helped the Frank family in hiding and published it. In 1952, when it was first published in English, the diary touched a nerve in the US and Anne came to symbolize the horrors of the Holocaust to people all over the world. \nOver the years several theories have surfaced about who betrayed the Frank family and why. \n"It is perfectly natural. If you see what happened to Anne Frank, you want to catch the culprit. People are angry and they want to know," Hans Westra, director of the Anne Frank Foundation in Amsterdam, said. \nOn Aug. 4, 1944, SS official Karl Joseph Silberbauer and three Dutch collaborators came to the Prinsengracht 263, where the Frank family was in hiding. The police arrived and demanded to be taken to the Jews in hiding and were taken straight to the annex, Silberbauer told investigators after the war. He could, however, not say who denounced the Frank family to the Nazis. \nOver the years, three main suspects for the betrayal of Anne Frank emerged: Wim van Maaren, an employee of Otto Frank-Lena Hartog-Van Bladeren, a cleaning lady in the office and Anthon "Tonny" Ahlers, a committed Nazi who was also a petty thief who blackmailed Otto Frank. \nTwo years ago English researcher Carol Anne Lee, who wrote a biography of Otto Frank, pointed to Ahlers as the culprit. This former business associate of Otto was a well-known anti-Semite who needed money and protection from the Nazis, she argued. \nAustrian writer Melissa Muller said Hartog-Van Bladeren betrayed the family because she feared she could be deported together with her husband for aiding the Frank family if they were discovered. \nFor many years Van Maaren was the main suspect but two post-war police investigations turned up nothing and he always professed his innocence. \nAfter extensive research last year, historians of the Dutch War Documentation Institute concluded that we will probably never know who betrayed Anne Frank. \n"The conclusion of our inquiry is that we do not consider any of the three suspects to be a likely candidate for the role of betrayer," the historians wrote. \nThe Germans burned their archives when they pulled out of Amsterdam and there is little chance today of finding evidence to substantiate any of the claims. \n"Going into hiding with seven others in the center of Amsterdam, a situation where you even have to be afraid of the warehouse assistant in your old business and do not know what your neighbors are thinking and doing, greatly reduces your chances of survival. The annex could and still can be seen, by at least a hundred residents [in the area]," the historians explained. \nThe mystery of who betrayed the 15-year-old Anne Frank will probably always remain as her remarkable story continues to move people all around the world. \nHer diary was translated into 69 languages and has sold over 31 million copies. The house where the family hid receives almost a million visitors each year.
The Taiwan of yesteryear was dominated in whole or in part by the Dutch, Spanish, Qing Empire and Japanese. But is the Taiwanese name for a popular edible fish derived from the Portuguese language? Cheng Wei-chung (鄭維中), an associate research fellow at Academia Sinica’s Institute of Taiwan History, says yes. The fish in question is the narrow-barred Spanish mackerel, which was listed in early 18th century Qing local gazetteers as Taiwanese specialities alongside milk fish and mullet, according to Cheng’s paper, “Mullet, narrow-barred Spanish mackerel and milkfish: Multiple contextual developments of three certified seafood specilaities in Taiwan, from the
Aug. 10 to Aug. 16 They called him the “No Problem Doctor” (沒關係醫生) because that’s what he always told his patients when they couldn’t pay up. Operating the only clinic in Changhua County’s Pusin Township (埔心) during the 1950s, Hsu Tsai-chih (許再枝) knew that life was difficult in his remote hometown. “They barely had enough to survive, so it was pointless to chase after them for the money,” an 81-year-old Hsu told the United Daily News in 2002. “I just went with the flow, some offered to pay me back years later but I had already forgotten
I didn’t expect to spend more than three minutes out of my car, yet the sun was so brutal I put on my hat before approaching the seawall. Beimen (北門) is the flattest and most sun-baked part of Tainan. It lacks trees and people. In wintertime, the weather is often delightful. It wasn’t yet mid-morning in the hot season, however, and I felt like a leaf shriveling in the desert. Atop the seawall but facing inland, I could see dozens of the rectangular ponds which account for a significant percentage of Beimen’s “land” area. Some, no doubt, were dug to produce
A widely criticized peer-reviewed study that measured the attractiveness of women with endometriosis has been retracted from the medical journal Fertility and Sterility. The study, “Attractiveness of women with rectovaginal endometriosis: a case-control study,” was first published in 2013 and has been defended by the authors and the journal in the intervening years despite heavy criticism from doctors, other researchers and people with endometriosis for its ethical concerns and dubious justifications, with one advocate calling the study “heartbreaking” and “disgusting.” The study’s conclusion was: “Women with rectovaginal endometriosis were judged to be more attractive than those in the two control groups.