Tue, Jun 18, 2019 - Page 9 News List

Spies using AI-generated faces to connect with targets

While a computer-generated image of a face might fool the average LinkedIn user, experts say the signs of digital manipulation are easy to spot

By Raphael Satter  /  AP, LONDON

Illustration: Yusha

Katie Jones sure seemed plugged into Washington’s political scene. The 30-something redhead boasted a job at a top think tank and a who’s-who network of pundits and experts, from the centrist Brookings Institution to the right-wing Heritage Foundation.

She was connected to a deputy assistant secretary of state, a senior aide to a senator and economist Paul Winfree, who is being considered for a seat on the US Federal Reserve.

However, Katie Jones does not exist, the Associated Press has determined. Instead, the persona was part of a vast army of phantom profiles lurking on the professional networking site LinkedIn.

Several experts contacted by AP said that Jones’ profile picture appeared to have been created by a computer program.

“I’m convinced that it’s a fake face,” said Mario Klingemann, a German artist who has been experimenting for years with artificially generated portraits and says he has reviewed tens of thousands of such images. “It has all the hallmarks.”

Experts who reviewed the Jones profile’s LinkedIn activity say that it is typical of espionage efforts on the professional networking site, whose role as a global Rolodex has made it a powerful magnet for spies.

“It smells a lot like some sort of state-run operation,” said Jonas Parello-Plesner, who serves as program director at the Denmark-based think tank Alliance of Democracies Foundation and was the target several years ago of an espionage operation that began over LinkedIn.

William Evanina, director of the US National Counterintelligence and Security Center, said foreign spies routinely use fake social media profiles to home in on US targets and accused China in particular of waging “mass scale” spying on LinkedIn.

“Instead of dispatching spies to some parking garage in the US to recruit a target, it’s more efficient to sit behind a computer in Shanghai and send out friend requests to 30,000 targets,” Evanina said in a written statement.

Last month, retired CIA officer Kevin Mallory was sentenced to 20 years in prison for passing details of top-secret operations to Beijing, a relationship that began when a Chinese agent posing as a recruiter contacted him on LinkedIn.

Unlike Facebook’s friends-and-family focus, LinkedIn is oriented toward jobseekers and headhunters, people who routinely fire out resumes, build vast webs of contacts and pitch projects to strangers. That connect-them-all approach helps fill the millions of job openings advertised on the site, but it also provides a rich hunting ground for spies.

That has Western intelligence agencies worried.

British, French and German officials have all issued warnings over the past few years detailing how thousands of people had been contacted by foreign spies over LinkedIn.

In a statement, LinkedIn said it routinely took action against fake accounts, yanking thousands of them in the first three months of this year.

It also said: “We recommend you connect with people you know and trust, not just anyone.”

The Jones profile was modest in scale, with 52 connections, but those connections had enough influence that they imbued the profile with credibility to some who accepted Jones’ invites.

AP spoke to about 40 other people who connected with Jones between early March and early April, many of whom said they routinely accept invitations from people they do not recognize.

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