Thu, Apr 09, 2015 - Page 9 News List

Combatting climate change to secure a low-carbon future

By Philippe Couillard, Inigo Urkullu and Jay Weatherill

A new global agreement to address climate change is taking shape, with the US joining the EU in formally submitting its plan to cut greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The US has sent a strong signal by being one of the first to offer this commitment to concrete climate action. In the days ahead, many other countries, including China and India, are expected to add their plans to the mix.

Together, these plans — known as “intended nationally determined contributions,” or “INDCs” — will represent a collective global effort to invest in a prosperous, low-carbon future.

And today, we, as co-chairs of The Climate Group’s States & Regions Alliance, call on national government leaders to join that effort with ambitious climate plans. We make this call to our national leaders because we believe it is right, and because we know it is possible.

We believe it is right because, as the leaders of large state and regional governments, responsible for implementing our own climate plans, we have learned that addressing climate change is both a duty and an opportunity. It is a duty, because climate change now affects our everyday lives. And it is an opportunity, because promoting sustainable development creates new clean-technology jobs and more diversified, greener and resilient economies.

We know it is possible because we are doing it. Each of our regions has reduced GHG emissions to 1990 levels or below; and, since we began, our economies have more than doubled in size. This has been achieved partly through the innovative policies adopted by our respective governments.

A carbon market covering 85 percent of GHG emissions is at the center of the Quebec government’s strategy for fighting climate change. On Jan. 1, 2014, Quebec linked its carbon market with California’s, creating the largest regional carbon market in North America. All the revenues generated by the sale of Quebec emission units go into the province’s Green Fund, and are reinvested in initiatives aimed at further reducing GHG emissions and helping Quebec’s residents adapt to the effects of climate change. Quebec will invest more than US$3.3 billion toward this goal by 2020, contributing to the growth of its economy.

The Basque Country in Spain established a program called Local Agenda 21, designed to support the creation of local sustainability plans across the region. As a result of the program, almost all Basque municipalities have adopted such plans, consisting of more than 25,000 projects in areas such as mobility, waste management and economic development. These local plans are now driving sustainable development in the region, with knowledge sharing among municipalities laying the foundation for further progress.

Meanwhile, South Australia has developed the most supportive regulatory framework for renewable energy investment in Australia, enabling an increase in renewables’ share in power generation from virtually zero in 2003 to almost 40 percent today. This shift is putting downward pressure on wholesale electricity prices and offsetting the cost of the state’s Renewable Energy Target in the short term, all to the benefit of consumers. This also positions South Australia as a leader in new energy industries. The state now accounts for more than 40 percent of the country’s operating capacity for wind-generated power, and has one of the world’s highest penetration rates for solar (one in four households has a photovoltaic system).

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