Tue, Mar 25, 2014 - Page 9 News List

Tourism overwhelms the world’s historic places, but pays no dues

The rejection of a ban on giant cruise liners in Venice has proved that the places people visit are incapable of preserving themselves

By Simon Jenkins  /  The Guardian

Illustration: Yu-sha

An Italian court on Monday last week overturned a ban on 94,000 tonne cruise liners sailing up Venice’s Giudecca canal to get a close-up view of St Mark’s Square. The decision defies belief. Not in modern times can money have so crushingly defeated art; never can commerce have so blatantly sought to strangle the goose that lays its golden egg.

Visitors to Venice have long been amazed, if not horrified, by the vast floating palaces, 15 stories high and twice the length of St Mark’s, that regularly loom over the basilica and the Doge’s Palace, displacing thousands of tons of water to smash against the ancient piles and bricks. Following a rule last year that would have made the liners pass west of the Giudecca to disgorge tourists at Venice docks, shipping operators lobbied so that their customers could continue viewing the city from the comfort of their deck chairs. They claimed the facility was worth a million visitors and 5,000 jobs. It must not be asked on what basis the judge accepted these absurd figures, which amount to the city’s entire cruise industry.

The damage done by commerce to the world’s historic places is fast outpacing the damage done by war. Moscow’s exquisite steel-lattice Shukhov Tower, erected as a radio mast in 1922 and considered “Russia’s Eiffel Tower,” is about to be torn down so the site can be redeveloped. In China, the old Silk Road quarter of Kashgar is at this moment being bulldozed in what is a world tragedy. While chaos is threatening monuments in Syria, Libya and Iraq, it seems crazy to voluntarily destroy those that survive. Both the Tower of London and London’s Parliament Square may be stripped of world heritage status because of the “plutoflats” that London Mayor Boris Johnson is allowing to tower over them.

Venice is special. It has long seemed the preserve of British enthusiasts captivated by George Gordon, Lord Byron’s “fairy city of the heart.” For decades, groups such as Save Venice and Venice in Peril have campaigned for action as the tides grow worse each year and the dampness seeps above the stone footings to decay the ancient brickwork above.

After 20 years of argument, a mobile barrage is being built to protect the city from tidal surges, but a 2010 UNESCO report warned that the mean tide was already a foot above the 20th century average, and “the sea level will eventually rise to a value that will not be sustainable for the lagoon and its old city.”

The impact on the walls from an hourly tsunami from big cruise ships can only be imagined.

If this goes on unchecked, there will one day plainly be no Venice for the deck chairs to watch. The problem, as with most things Italian, lies in politics. When Venice in Peril’s Anna Somers Cocks last year savaged the local authorities for tolerating the liners, Venice Mayor Giorgio Orsoni pointed out that he did not control shipping in the Giudecca canal. It was a matter for the port.

The ban had been introduced after the Costa Concordia disaster; a similar steering error off Venice would flatten the Doge’s Palace, St Mark’s basilica and its square in a matter of seconds. Orsoni pleaded: “We need to get the ships out of St Mark’s and do it fast... Help me!”

The Italian government banned the ships, but the port authority ignored the ban, and now has the court behind it.

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