Wed, Mar 05, 2014 - Page 8 News List

New guides for ecological healing

By Hochen Tan 賀陳旦

With his film Beyond Beauty: Taiwan From Above (看見台灣) Chi Po-lin (齊柏林) reveals Taiwan from 300m above the ground. The majestic and innovative views mesmerize audiences. The high-resolution images etch the sores on the land onto our hearts. This is a rare example of public education. Shocked officials hurried to offer a prescription consisting of an end to high mountain roads. Is this enough? Is it even right?

Planned correctly, roads foster development, but they can also drive destruction, causing landslides in remote areas. The right thing to do is put an end to environmental destruction and heal our bleeding land. However, that is not enough.

If Taiwan is unable to transform overly concentrated development activities and minimize excessive environmental destruction, profit-driven producers will continue to flirt with danger.

One strict law will not be enough to overcome strong public pressure and any halted road construction is likely to soon resume — Premier Jiang Yi-huah (江宜樺) would do well to remember the lesson of the Central Cross Island Highway, severely damaged by the 921 Earthquake in 1999 and then again by floods caused by Typhoon Mindulle in 2004.

The key to starting from the ground up is the question of how to guide the transformation.

From the start, guidance and assistance must adapt to local situations and prevailing circumstances.

To alleviate the widespread environmental destruction resulting from development that is shown in Chi’s documentary, Taiwanese cannot depend on unilateral standards and top-down instructions. Instead, relying on communities and local action to rally activists is crucial.

Next, in encouraging local vitality, we must not place our hopes in high mountain areas where the environment is too fragile and the damage can be clearly seen. Instead, we must begin in the areas where the environmental conditions can support human settlement.

Three years ago, the Satoyama Initiative, which has been advocated by Japan for many years, was officially accepted by the UN.

This initiative encourages a symbiotic and harmonious relationship between residents and the environment. It does not prohibit the development of natural resources, but uses the environment in a controlled manner. The key is partial, but continuous, onsite grassroots-level action.

Satoyama refers to regions separating foothills and flat land, and is similar to the mountains and hills surrounding Taiwan’s cities. Our ancestors conquered the topography and developed mountains and valleys, leading to what we see today.

Over time, most of these human changes have become part of the natural environment and this is precisely what the Satoyama Initiative is about: Building local action by inheriting from those who came before and passing on to future generations could perhaps become the strongest and most solid way of rebuilding the environment now that Chi’s film has shown the destruction.

Over the past few years, the Forestry Bureau has initiated an environmental conservation plan focused on using water terraces. The bureau focused on terraces because the plan was founded on what our ancestors did. It can be seen universally that when older surviving agricultural techniques are integrated with value-added distribution channels, incomes increase and whole villages benefit.

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