Tue, Nov 12, 2013 - Page 8 News List

In China, the CCP controls the gun

By Dean Cheng

General Peng Yong (彭勇), commander of China’s Xinjiang Military District in Lanzhou Military Region, has reportedly been fired from the Xinjiang Chinese Communist Party (CCP) Standing Committee — the top leadership organization for the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region.

This was apparently in response to the Oct. 28 incident in which a Uighur-driven car laden with gas cans crashed near Tiananmen Square, killing two bystanders and the three people in the car, and injuring 40 others.

The decision to remove Peng from the committee highlights several key points.

First, and perhaps most important, is that it is a reminder of just how integrated the military and civilian leaders are in China — and not just at the national level. Senior military commanders heading military regions (which are comprised of several military districts, each of which is usually aligned with provincial borders) serve on their respective provincial party standing committees. This creates regular opportunities for military and civilian leaders to exchange information, resolve issues (eg, “Your people are causing too many fights”), facilitate civil-military integration (food, housing), etc.

This is not to say that the military does not have views distinct from the civilians, but claims of a “rogue” military that is somehow making decisions independent of the civilian leadership are simply false.

The Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed wing of the CCP. It does not owe its main respect and loyalty to the Chinese constitution, but to the CCP. Party indoctrination, bureaucratic ties and regular interaction with civilian leaders — including through the provincial CCP standing committees — facilitate civil-military relations.

Second, it is also an interesting insight into how the PLA is different from the US’ in terms of personnel rotation. Chinese military commanders tend to stay in the same system. This would, again, argue against the oft-heard assumption of a rogue PLA — if this were really a problem, the civilian leadership would want to rotate commanders around to prevent cabals from forming. Conversely, it builds up a fair amount of expertise about local conditions (eg, high mountain operations in the Chengdu Military Region, amphibious operations in the Nanjing and Guangzhou military regions).

Dean Cheng is a research fellow for Chinese political and security affairs at the Heritage Foundation’s Asian Studies Center.

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