Sat, May 25, 2013 - Page 9 News List

A lack of water and government inaction fuel uprising in Syria

By Thomas Friedman  /  NY Times News Service, TEL ABYAD, Syria

I just spent a day in the northeast Syrian town of Tel Abyad. It was terrifying — much more so than I anticipated — but not because we were threatened in any way by the Free Syrian Army soldiers who took us around, or by the Islamist Jabhat al-Nusra fighters who stayed hidden in the shadows. It was the local school that shook me up.

As we were driving back to the Turkish border, I noticed a school and asked the driver to turn around so I could explore it. It was empty — of students. However, war refugees had occupied the classrooms and little kids’ shirts and pants were drying on a line strung across the playground. The basketball backboard was rusted and a local parent volunteered to give me a tour of the bathrooms, which he described as disgusting. Classes had not been held in two years. And that is what terrified me. Men with guns I am used to. However, kids without books, teachers or classes for a long time — that is trouble. Big trouble.

They grow up to be teenagers with too many guns and too much free time, and I saw a lot of them in Tel Abyad. They are the law of the land here now, but no two of them wear the same uniform and many are just in jeans. These boys bravely joined the adults of their town to liberate it from the murderous tyranny of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, but now the war has ground to a stalemate, so here, as in so many towns across Syria, life is frozen in a no man’s land between order and chaos. There is just enough patched-up order for people to live — some families have even rigged up bootleg stills that refine crude oil into gasoline to keep cars running — but not enough order to really rebuild, to send kids to school or to start businesses.

So Syria as a whole is slowly bleeding to death of self-inflicted gunshot wounds. You cannot help but ask whether it will ever be a unified country again and what kind of human disaster will play out here if a whole generation grows up without school.

“Syria is becoming Somalia,” said Zakaria Zakaria, a 28-year-old Syrian who graduated from college with a major in English and who acted as our guide.

“Students have now lost two years of school and there is no light at the end of the tunnel, and if this goes on for two more years it will be like Somalia, a failed country. But Somalia is off somewhere in the Indian Ocean. Syria is the heart of the Middle East. I don’t want this to happen to my country, but the more it goes on, the worse it will be,” he said.

This is the agony of Syria today. You cannot imagine the war here continuing for another year, let alone five. However, when you feel the depth of the rage against the al-Assad government and contemplate the sporadic, but barbaric sect-on-sect violence, you cannot imagine any peace deal happening or holding — not without international peacekeepers on the ground to enforce it. Eventually, we will all have to have that conversation, because this is no ordinary war.

This Syrian disaster is like a superstorm. It is what happens when an extreme weather event, the worst drought in Syria’s modern history, combines with a fast-growing population and a repressive and corrupt regime, and unleashes extreme sectarian and religious passions, fueled by money from rival outside powers — Iran and Hezbollah on one side; Saudi Arabia, Turkey and Qatar on the other, each of which have an extreme interest in its Syrian allies defeating the other’s allies — all at a time when the US, in its post-Iraq/Afghanistan phase, is extremely wary of getting involved.

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