For a child, receiving a vaccine takes just a moment — and perhaps a few tears — but such moments are crucial for giving children a healthy start in life, and for advancing global health and development goals.
Along with Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi Mohammed bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, we attach great importance to the world’s first global summit aimed at ensuring that all children have access to the full benefits of vaccines, which is being held this week in Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates.
Vaccines protect people for a lifetime. They are one of the most cost-effective investments we can make to improve our world. Vaccines have eradicated smallpox, pushed polio to the verge of eradication and saved millions of children from measles, diphtheria, tetanus and other deadly and disabling diseases. Thanks in large part to the power of vaccines, the number of children dying before the age of five has fallen from 20 million in 1960 to 6.9 million in 2011, despite a large increase in the global population.
Disease saps the greatest asset that any country possesses: the energy and talent of its people. This is an especially harsh loss for poor countries seeking to gain a foothold in the global economy. However, when children are healthy, families are freed from the burden of costly medical care, allowing them to spend more on food and education. Healthy children attend school more regularly, are better able to learn and become more productive adults.
New research shows that vaccines improve cognitive development in children, raise labor productivity and contribute to a country’s overall economic growth. However, more than 22 million children lack access to the basic vaccines that people in high-income countries take for granted.
These children live in the poorest and most remote communities, where the risk of disease is highest. A child born in a low-income country is 18 times more likely to die before reaching the age of five than a child in a high-income country. Ending this inequity is at the heart of history’s largest and most successful anti-poverty push: the UN’s Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
The eight MDGs were adopted in 2000, when leaders meeting at the UN agreed to cut extreme poverty and hunger by half; fight disease; improve water safety and sanitation; expand education; and empower girls and women. There have been remarkable gains in realizing these goals, but there is still much to be done and fewer than 1,000 days left until the 2015 deadline.
Raising global immunization coverage will speed progress toward achieving the MDGs and generate momentum toward a successful post-2015 development agenda.
The World Health Assembly — representing the WHO’s 194 member countries — has endorsed a shared vision known as the Decade of Vaccines of a world free from vaccine-preventable diseases, with the full benefits of immunization reaching all people, regardless of who they are or where they live.
Eradicating polio will be a milestone on our path to realizing this vision. With a new, comprehensive plan to be introduced at this week’s summit, the world will have a clear road map for creating a polio-free world by 2018. The plan works hand-in-hand with our overall efforts to raise immunization coverage against other diseases like measles, pneumonia and rotavirus. Indeed, we are seeing how strong immunization systems protect our gains against polio and provide a platform for reaching the world’s most vulnerable mothers and children with new vaccines and primary healthcare.