Abused in the street and shunned by her family, a Thai teenager will answer a police summons this week over claims she insulted the revered monarchy amid vehement debate about the kingdom’s lese majeste law.
Abhinya Sawatvarakorn, 19, who faced possible arrest on Saturday after being accused of making critical comments on Facebook two years ago, is the latest symbol of the ferocity of feeling around the issue in a deeply divided nation.
Known by her Internet alias Kanthoop, the teenager says she has been the victim of a witch hunt that has seen her barred from several universities and publicly vilified.
“I am afraid I will not receive justice, but I’m not afraid to be in jail,” she said on the campus of Thammasat University, the only establishment to accept her enrollement.
Kanthoop, who says the claims against her are based on maliciously edited screen grabs of her comments, wants the law, which carries a penalty of up to 15 years for each count, abolished.
Lese majeste, or Article 112 of the Thai criminal code, is designed to protect senior royals from insult, but academics say it has been politicized in recent years.
Many of those charged have been linked to the “Red Shirt” movement, supporters of ousted Thai prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra, and other critics of the previous establishment-backed government.
The number of people charged with the offence has surged since Thaksin was deposed in a 2006 coup, making the law itself increasingly the subject of debate — even though powerful figures such as the army chief have suggested dissenters should leave the country.
David Streckfuss, an independent academic and expert on lese majeste, said the current public focus on the issue would have been “absolutely unimaginable” last year.
“People are becoming more and more used to debate over the law. The more they see it in the news, the more it is becoming part of the normal talk of the day,” he said.
The royal family is an extremely sensitive subject in Thailand, with 84-year-old Thai King Bhumibol Adulyadej revered as a demi-god by many.
A total of 122 lese majeste cases were sent for prosecution from January to October last year, which Streckfuss said was in line with the level seen in 2009.
However, in 2010, when the country was rocked by deadly anti-government protests by the Red Shirts, there was a spike of 478 cases.
Thai academic Thitinan Pongsudhirak says the measure had left the country gripped by a “climate of fear” and warned reformists can become “radicalized” when debate is shut down.
“It is a self-fulfilling situation — fear and paranoia which aggravates and begets countervailing moves, which reinforce fear and paranoia,” he said.
Recent cases have sparked fierce debate, including over a 61-year-old man who was jailed in November last year for 20 years for sending text messages deemed insulting to the monarchy.
A US citizen in December was also handed two-and-a-half years in prison for allegedly defaming the king.
Social media Web sites such as Facebook and Twitter are providing a platform for both critics of the law and ultra-monarchists, who have encouraged Internet users to report posts that could violate lese majeste.
One group of legal academics, known as Nitirat, has drawn particular fire over its calls for amendment of the law. Founder Worachet Pakeerut said he has faced threats, blaming attempts to “create misunderstanding and hatred.”