At first glance, Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi's reforms looked headed for trouble on Monday after voters weakened his mandate by reducing his coalition's majority in an election.
Some analysts, however, said the poor performance by Koizumi's Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) and big gains by the main opposition Democratic Party could be a blessing in disguise for proponents of change.
That is because Koizumi's divided LDP -- a blend of reformists and conservative foot-draggers -- must either embrace reform more fully now, or give way later to the pro-change opposition Democrats, they said.
"We were able to build a foundation to continue reforms under the current structure [coalition], having won a stable majority," a weary but relaxed Koizumi told a news conference.
Koizumi's three-way camp saw its strength in parliament's 480-seat Lower House shrink to 275 seats from 287 in Sunday's general election, while the opposition Democrats took 177, up from 137, the unofficial count showed.
In a sign that the popular Koizumi's personal magic had faded, the LDP failed to keep the majority it had held on its own. But it looked set to regain it after three independents said they would join, bringing the total to 240, and the smallest coalition party said it would merge.
The New Conservative Party said late on Monday it had decided to merge with the LDP at Koizumi's invitation, which will increase LDP seats to 244, after it lost five of the nine seats it held before the election.
Six more independents may also join.
Koizumi seems certain to remain premier when the Lower House convenes, probably next week. He also said the present cabinet lineup would stay.
But several analysts were quick to predict that his reform agenda of reduced public spending, privatization and cures for the nation's ailing banks faced rough going.
"He won't be able to push ahead with his reforms at full speed now," said Tokyo University Professor Ikuo Kabashima.
The LDP had hoped Koizumi's popularity plus signs of an economic recovery would translate into a decisive win.
Some investors in Japan's stock market feared the LDP's limp performance meant reforms would stumble. The Tokyo market's main indices fell more than one percent by the end of trade.
More reform, or less?
Others begged to differ, arguing that Koizumi's LDP critics would hesitate to attack him for fear of driving even more voters to the Democrats ahead of an Upper House election in mid-2004.
"For Koizumi, the message is clear: talk doesn't work," said Jesper Koll, chief economist at Merrill Lynch in Tokyo.
"I don't believe the anti-reform group will become more vocal. I think it's good for reform, not bad," he added.
Jiro Yamaguchi, a professor at Hokkaido University in northern Japan, agreed that voters wanted change, but questioned whether the LDP could provide it.
"Koizumi's leadership may decline within the LDP, but there is a consensus among the people that there must be reforms to break the old systems. There is no going back to the old ways of pork-barrel politics," he said.
A godsend for the LDP after its support sank under his wildly unpopular predecessor, the media-savvy Koizumi, 61, sprang to power in 2001 on a wave of public support for his reforms.
But the lion-maned leader has had a mixed record when it comes to matching words with action.