China’s government has further tightened curbs on production of rare earths used in mobile phones and other high-tech products in a move that might inflame trade tensions with Washington and Europe.
Regulations issued this week say mines and smelting companies must meet minimum output levels to continue operating. The state newspaper China Daily yesterday said that might result in 20 percent of the country’s production capacity to be shut down.
China has about 30 percent of the world’s rare earths deposits, but accounts for more than 90 percent of production. It alarmed foreign manufacturers by imposing export curbs in 2009 while it tries to build up a domestic processing industry to capture more of the profits that go to US, Japanese and European companies that transform rare earths into mobile phone batteries, camera lenses and other products.
Chinese officials have expressed hope foreign companies that use rare earths will shift production to China and share technology with local partners.
The US, the EU and Japan filed a WTO complaint in March accusing China of violating its free-trade commitments. Chinese officials have defended the controls as in line with WTO rules and necessary to protect the environment.
The restrictions are especially sensitive at a time when governments are trying to boost exports to reduce high unemployment. The US and Europe are looking to increase sales of high-tech goods that include products made with rare earths.
The latest regulations appear to be an extension of Beijing’s effort to force rare earths producers to consolidate into a handful of large companies that will be easier to monitor and control.
Mines must have yearly output of at least 18,143 tonnes, while smelters must have production capacity of 4,536 tonnes per year, according to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.
Up to one-third of China’s 23 mines and about half of its 99 smelting companies will fail to meet the new standards, China Daily said, citing the director of the ministry’s rare earths office, Jia Yinsong (賈銀松). Jia said that would eliminate about 20 percent of China’s rare earths production capacity.